The Image of Jonathan Swift as a National Enlightener in Yeats' Play 'Words Upon the Windowpane'
Abstract.The subject of the article is the image of Jonathan Swift as a national enlightener in Yeats' play 'Words Upon the Windowpane'. The rationale of the research is caused by the fact that this is the late play of Yeats that is left understudied by the Russian science, besides, creative individualty of Jonathan Swift is of great interest due to the artistic dialogue between two literary epochs, Modernism and Enlightenment. In the course of the research Makarova has analyzed spatiotemporal coordinates of the play, the main heroes, the meaning of the play title and the main function of the image of Jonathan Swift as a national enlightener in the Irish culture of the early XXth century. The study of the image of Jonathan Swift in Yeats' play is based on the combination of the structured system method, comparative historical method and hermeneutics. The novelty of the research is caused by the following: the analysis of the image of Swift as a national enlightener in Yeats' play 'Words Upon the Windowpane' has allowed to see the phenomenon of estrangement of the writer's figure which is an expected consequence of processes that were going on in the Irish literary movement of Enlightenment. The ideas of moral tenacity, freedom and responsibility defended by Johathan Swift were replaced with other values, ignorance of culture and despiritualization. Interpretation of the image of Jonathan Swift's fate as an 'outcasted' writer brings us closer to better understanding of the playwright's opinion on the fate of Ireland.
Keywords: allusions, chronotope, dramaturgy, Ireland, Enlightenment, modernism, Swift, Yeats, image, detail
Article was received:30-05-2019
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