Audiovisual culture and art
Shesterik O.V. —
Juxtaposition of ideology and counter-ideology in the dystopias of Russian cinematography
// Man and Culture.
– 2021. – ¹ 3.
– P. 18 - 31.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8744.2021.3.33111 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=33111
Read the article
The object of this research is a separate element of chronotope genre – the time in dystopia in Russian cinematography of the late XX century – early XXI centuries. The subject of this research is the ideological time – a part of screenwriting that reflects the worldview of the characters through verbal constructions. Special attention is given to juxtaposition of ideology (the system proclaimed by the author) and counter-ideology (the opposing system of the public majority), as well as the manifestations of “doublethink”. Detailed analysis is conducted on the characteristic of the author's position on the ideological questions and its correlation with the social and cultural situation in the Soviet and post-Soviet society. Leaning on the theory of “vertical” time, the author explores one of its chronological layers associated with the ideology of dystopia, which defines the scientific novelty of this research. The works of K. Lopushansky, A. Sokurov, and A. German Sr. demonstrate that there can be at least to perspectives on the events, which underlies the dramaturgical conflict. The conclusion is made that various parts of ideology of the characters may be attributed to time that is different from time of the author and the audience. Another conclusion indicates the diversity of humanistic ideologies that film directors resort to, as well as different ways of their expression by the characters. The acquired results can be implemented in the genre dramaturgy, film studies, and film criticism.
science fiction, time, humanism, ideology, dramatic composition, poetics, Soviet cinema, dystopia, Russian cinema, film theory
Uells G. Sovremennaya utopiya.//Zavtra: Fantast. al'manakh. Vyp. 1. M., Tekst, 1991. S. 120 - 130. URL: http://www.fandom.ru/about_fan/wells_1.htm (data obrashcheniya 03.06.2020).
Strugatskiy B.N. Kommentarii k proydennomu. //Esli, 1999, ¹1-2.-S.255-286.
Strugatskie A. i B. Trudno byt' bogom. M., Moskovskiy rabochiy, 1989.-528 s.
Strugatskie A. i B. Za milliard let do kontsa sveta. M., Tekst, 1993.-400 s.
Oruell Dzh. 1984. Perm', KAPIK, 1992.-304 s.
Mann Yu.V. «Malen'kiy chelovek» //Literaturnyy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar'. M., Sovetskaya entsiklopediya, 1987.-S. 207-208.
Marievskaya N.E. Vremya v kino. M., Progress-Traditsiya, 2015.-336 s.
Lopushanskiy K. Dialogi o kino. SPb., Aleteyya, 2010.-192 s.
Dzheymison F. Progress versus utopiya, ili Mozhem li my voobrazit' budushchee?//Fantasticheskoe kino. Epizod pervyy: Sbornik statey. M., NLO, 2006.-S. 32-49.
Chertkova E. L. Spetsifika utopicheskogo soznaniya i problema ideala// Ideal, utopiya i kriticheskaya refleksiya. M., ROSSPEN, 1996.-S.156-187.