Philosophy of science
Shaposhnikova Y.V. —
Historical epistemology as a phenomenon of modernity
// Philosophy and Culture.
– 2018. – ¹ 11.
– P. 9 - 19.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0757.2018.11.28125 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=28125
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The subject of this research is the modern historical epistemology. It is a new, but solidly established direction in studying the origin and evolution of scientific knowledge, characterized by application of the historical approach towards epistemological issues. The article outlines the basic subject fields of research interest of the representatives of historical epistemology, reconstructs the genesis of this discipline, suggests possible substantiations of this event, draws parallels between the historical epistemology and cultural anthropology, as well as demonstrates the relevance and demand of the historical epistemology among the theoreticians of scientific cognition. In methodological aspect, the author looks beyond the traditional correspondence of the historical epistemology with other disciplines dedicated to the study of science (history of epistemology, history and philosophy of science) and aimed at determination of the subject field of historical epistemology that are often reduce to the doubts regarding the need for its existence. On the contrary, the goals and orientations of historical epistemology are viewed in a broad culturological context concerning their congruity with the general sociocultural and worldview trends of modernity (multiculturalism, Interdisiplinarity, tolerance, etc.). The scientific novelty consists in discovering potential of the historical epistemology to alternative solution of the traditional scientific tasks; similarity with other social disciplines, which opens opportunities for future interdisciplinary studies; as well is correspondence of the historical epistemology to the general trends of modernity that allows viewing it as a laboratory for the development of the new humanistic, culturological and sociological strategies.
historical a priori, value, contemporaneity, cultural anthropology, scientific practice, historicism, historical epistemology, contingency, objectivity, crisis in epistemology
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