Israilov A.K., Shiriiazdanova I.F., Gatamova M.M., Ekazheva E.B. —
The energy factor of the Persian Gulf countries in China containment strategy of the U.S.
// World Politics.
– 2020. – є 3.
– P. 1 - 13.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8671.2020.3.33779 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=33779
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The authors consider the bases of the U.S.’ geopolitical interests in the Persian Gulf region, the increasing influence of China on the region and the consequent strategy of the U.S. aimed at China containment. The Persian Gulf region is of economic interest for a range of countries due to its hydrocarbon resources and unique geographical position. For this reason, it historically has been under geopolitical influence. Sustained growth of China’s economy (prior to the 6.8% GDP reduction in Q12020 due to the pandemic) and strengthening cooperation of China with the Persian Gulf countries raise the U.S. 's concerns about the decrease of its influence in global politics, particularly the loss of influence in the Persian Gulf region. The article demonstrates the main directions and methods of the U.S.’s strategy of China containment implementation in the context of the energy factor of the Persian Gulf countries by means of creation of the Middle East Strategic Alliance (MESA), increase of the share of export of energy commodities on the China market in order to use them as a pressure tool. Special attention is given to the possibility of involvement of the U.S. in the “price war” for the recovery in oil prices.
The authors have found out that the energy factor of the Persian Gulf countries plays a significant role in the American strategy of China containment, which is determined by the range of economic and other factors.
containment strategy, energy factor, the USA, the Persian Gulf, China, Iran, the Middle Eas, energy security, Saudi Arabia, OPEC plus
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