TOPIC: PERSPECTIVES AND NEW WAYS OF DEVELOPMENT OF TAX LEGISLATION
Samokhvalova K.V. —
Patent Box Regime: possibilities of implementation in the Russian practice of profit taxation
// Taxes and Taxation.
– 2021. – № 3.
– P. 1 - 15.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-065X.2021.3.34837 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=34837
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The subject of this research is the foreign experience of stimulating innovation activity of the companies via introduction of Patent Box Regime. The author underlines the importance of this mechanism as a measure for supporting the actors of the innovation economy on the stages of introducing innovations into production, and making profit from the efficient use of intellectual capital. The author analyzes the international statistics of acquisition of patents and key elements of preferential taxation of their income. Based on the collected material, the author examines the possibilities of implementation of such mechanism in the Russian practice. Special attention is given to the potential consequences of granting new incentives from the perspective of formation of the revenue part of the budgets of the budgetary system of the Russian Federation. The main result of this research consists in the development of a specific taxation regime for income from the use of intellectual property objects to be implemented in the Russian Federation. The author believes that the optimal mechanism is a deduction of up to 40% of qualified incomes from the corporate income tax base; at the same time, the incentive should not lead to the decrease of federal budget receipts. As sources of covering the shortfall in budget revenues of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the author considers the abolition of reduced tax rates for certain categories of taxpayers, as well as the extension of the limit on the transfer of loss, The conclusion is made on feasibility of implementation of Patent Box Regime in Russia considering foreign experience and domestic specificity of the country.
tax incentives, intellectual property, patent box, innovation, R&D, innovative development, corporate profit taxation, tax benefits, tax deduction, reduced tax rate
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