Methodology of philosophical learning
Gashkov S.A. —
Subject and History: Thinking Modernity with Castoriadis in Polemical Context (Heidegger, Ricoeur, Habermas)
// Philosophical Thought.
– 2020. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1 - 9.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8728.2020.3.32349 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=32349
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The paper considers the specific lines of the ontology of Cornelius Castoriadis in a triple context of his thought: polemics with Heidegger and Ricoeur, but also the reception of Castoriadis' project of modernity by Habermas. The author aims to elucidate historical-philosophical meaning of these debates and receptions through the special problems of the philosophy of history: teleology, succession, determination, creation, innovation, re-production, memory and imagination. The author used hermeneutical and intertextual analyse as methods. The results of authors' work are as follows: 1) author showed that Castoriadis polemized with some cases of reception of Heidegger's thought, especially in regard of Ancient Greek civilization, 2) author showed the limits of Castoriadis' thought: his radical atheism, social monadism, refusal to think communication, 3) author showed also the advantages of Castoriadis' thought of history: his multiculturalism, his claim to restaure genuine philosophy and democracy, critics of determinism, scientism, cultural egoism.
Castoriadis, Heidegger, Ricoeur, Habermas, subject, history, polemics, history of philosophy, philosophy of history, creation
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