Burmistrov E. —
Personal History, “Historical Immortality” and Digital History
// Historical informatics.
– 2020. – ¹ 2.
– P. 1 - 25.
DOI: 10.7256/2585-7797.2020.2.32707 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=32707
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The article studies personal history of each (any, specific) person which addresses ways to achieve person’s “historical immortality” by creating and preserving the history of one’s life. The article aims at informing the scientific community and developing the concepts, the main issues and the subject matter of personal history. The author pays special attention to the relationship of personal history with digital history, historical information science and other humanities and technical sciences. The aim of the article is attained by systematizing the interdisciplinary interaction of personal history with humanities and technical sciences. The author defines such concepts as “personal history”, “historical immortality”, poses specific problems and provides their solutions, finds the relationship of personal history with mass culture, specifies the motives, forms and ways to create person’s life history, finds the relationship of person’s “historical immortality” with information technologies and develops special software. The author concludes that person’s life history is digital history. The technical task of preserving the history of life is analyzed as well. The author shows that the philosophical foundation of personal history is the concepts of “horizon”, “life world”, and “cultural-historical horizon” and introduces such a concept as “historical death”. He demonstrates that “historical immortality» of a person is a probabilistic process which is described mathematically. The article addresses the prospects of personal history development as well. The author concludes that personal history is a system of knowledge, methods and digital technologies based on the recognition of the value of personality and aimed at achieving “historical immortality”.
the value of a person's personality, knowledge system, computer program, probabilistic process, philosophical Foundation, mass culture, life story, digital history, historical immortality, personal history of each
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On May 5, 2019, Yulia Leonidovna Schapova, Doctor of historical sciences, honored professor of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Lomonosov Prize laureate, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, a prominent scientist and a bright, talented person, passed away.
Yulia Leonidovna was an outstanding specialist in the application of natural science methods and information technologies in archeology, her works on the history of glass and ancient glass production, the morphology of antiquities are widely known. She developed new scientific areas, such as studies of artefacts materials, numerical modeling and the periodization of space-time civilization development. As a result of the long-term work of the scientific seminar “Morphology of Antiquities” created by Yulia Leonidovna, a series of collective monographs was published, written by her in collaboration with her followers and students. Under her supervision, 15 PhD theses were defended. Yulia Leonidovna Schapova is the author of many publications, including the monographs “Glass of Kievan Rus”, “Essays on the History of Ancient Glass-Making”, “Byzantine Glass”, “Archaeological Epoch: Chronology, Periodization, Theory, Model”, “Material Production in the Archaeological Epoch”, "Introduction to the theory of the archaeological era: numerical modeling and logarithmic scales of spatio-temporal coordinates" (published in Russian).
Professor Schapova was a member of a number of scientific communities including the Moscow Society of Naturalists, the Association of Medievalists and New Historians, the International Association for the Application of Physical and Technical Sciences in Archeology.
Since 1993, she has been an active member of the History and Computer Association (ÀÈÊ), participating in the Association conferences, regularly published in ÀÈÊ publications, and showed a keen interest in discussing new concepts and research methods.
In the last years of her life, Yulia Leonidovna was passionate about creating a new approach to the periodization of the archaeological era, which was reflected in the monograph: Schapova Yu.L., and Grinchenko S.N. “Introduction to the theory of the archaeological era: General principles and numerical modeling”. – Moscow, Publishing House of Moscow State University, 2017 . This book is in many ways unusual. The authors (archaeologist and cybernetics mathematician) consider the archaeological era on the basis of the hypothesis that the moments of the beginning and duration of the main stages of the archaeological era can be modelled with sufficient accuracy by the inverse Fibonacci series (i.e. the "golden section") with the macroscale dimension introduced by them "millennia BC. " The chronology and periodization proposed by the authors and overlapping archaeological sub-epochs are combined into a common integrated model of spatial-temporal civilizational development, highlighting moments of system information transformations.
Yulia Leonidovna raised many students and followers. She worked a lot until the last days, but she always found time to talk heart to heart, listen, give wise advice. She never complained, although she did not have “iron” health, was a strong and at the same time light person with a subtle sense of humor.
Academic and human communication with Yulia Leonidovna was always a real pleasure, and her style as a university professor was a model not only for young colleagues.
With her passing away, we lost a prominent scholar and good friend.
Svetlaya pamyat”Council of the Association “Istoriia i komp’uter”