Vorobeva E.E. —
1953 Amnesty According to GULAG Statistics: Its Structure and Dynamics
// Historical informatics.
– 2021. – № 1.
– P. 1 - 10.
DOI: 10.7256/2585-7797.2021.1.34901 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=34901
Read the article
The article studies the dynamics of 1953 amnesty and analyzes its structural characteristics. The 1953 amnesty was the largest in the entire history of the Soviet penitentiary system. Therefore, it is of particular interest to know the stages of the prisoners’ release process and the way such a large-scale problem could be solved. The author focuses on the structure of prisoners to be released as well as the structural changes of prisoners caused by the amnesty and their impact on the system as a whole. Despite a large number of domestic and foreign studies addressing the GULAG, the process of amnesty implementation has not been studied as it is yet. The author traces the implementation of the USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium Decree dated 03.27.1953 "On amnesty." The methodological basis for the study is statistical analysis of data on the implementation of the release plan. The result of the study is the conclusion that the 1953 amnesty was a turning point in the functioning of the USSR camp system. However, its process was uneven and accompanied by a number of difficulties caused by the need to carry out serious control and accounting work and involve additional sources to make decisions on the release of individual prisoners.
statistical data processing, statistical reporting, archival documentation, forced labor, camp system of the USSR, amnesty, Gulag, prisoners, forced labor camps, categories of prisoners
GARF. F. P-9414. Op. 1 D. 1398.
GARF. F. R-9414. Op. 1. D. 1414.
Zemskov V.N. GULAG (istoriko-sotsiologicheskiy aspekt). [elektronnyy resurs]// http://hronos.km.ru/statii/2001/zemskov.html (19.01.2021).
Sbornik zakonov SSSR i ukazov Prezidiuma Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR. 1938-1958. M., 1959. 710 s.
Istoricheskiy arkhiv. 1996. № 4. S. 132-164.
GA RF. F. R-9401. Op. 1. D. 1329.
Sistema ispravitel'no-trudovykh lagerey v SSSR 1923-1960. Spravochnik / Sost. M.B. Smirnov. M., 1999. – 599s.
GARF. F. R-9414. Op. 1a. D. 505.
GARF. F. 9414. Op. 1. D. 1392.
GA RF F. R-9414 Op. 1 D. 1405
GA RF F. R-9414 Op. 1 D. 507