Zakharova O.V., Suvorova L.G., Zakharov A.V. —
Peculiarities of informal environmental education
// Pedagogy and education.
– 2020. – ¹ 3.
– P. 10 - 28.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0676.2020.3.33617 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=33617
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The goal of this article is to determine the most significant from the perspective of visitors and experts characteristics of environmental educational program. The object of this research is the informal environmental education, while the subjects is the curriculum of informal environmental education implanted in ethnographic nomad camp the House of Northern People. Special attention is given to the conceptual and formal characteristics of the examined program. The authors’ contribution consists in determination of characteristics that affect the audience and change their attitude towards surrounding environment. Analysis is conducted on the theoretical research dedicated to modern environmental education and determination of basic characteristics; conceptual and formal characteristics of the curriculum; three types of responses that allowed identifying the most effective characteristics of the curriculum. The scientific novelty consists in the complex method of research, which suggests the analysis of several types of responses for determining most effective characteristics of educational program, as well as in description of the unique platform for realization of this program. The theoretical significance of this work is associated with the search for an optimal set of conceptual and formal characteristics of educational programs that form responsible environmental behavior. The conclusion is made that environmental education is impossible in the old educational paradigm. Therefore, the author offers informal vocational environmental education based on the wisdom of indigenous peoples and containing elements common to the modern environmental education. However some characteristic require further development. The conceptual characteristics did not find reflection in the responses, although the formal characteristics of environmental education are mentioned (emotional and aesthetic impact, informal nature, involvement in the discussed questions, and events in form of games). The analysis of examination carried out by the pedagogues demonstrates the presence of almost all characteristics of educational program. The acquired results be used for improving the program under consideration, and curricula of environmental education overall.
content of environmental education, environmental values, ethnic camp, culture of indigenous peoples of the North, non-government organizations, non-formal environmental education, ecological crisis, interactivity, the ecological wisdom of indigenous peoples, forms of environmental education
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