Law and order
Kulikov E.A. —
Categories of the general, special and individual in criminal law: semantic analysis
// Legal Studies.
– 2020. – № 12.
– P. 1 - 17.
DOI: 10.25136/2409-7136.2020.12.34761 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=34761
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The subject of this research is the patterns of interaction between the categories of subjective dialectics and the fundamental concepts of the Russian criminal law. Criminal Law relies on the language structures, thus the article is dedicated to the linguistic aspects of the categories of general, special and individual. Certain attention is given to the analytical philosophy and analytical jurisprudence. The linguistic turn in gnoseology and epistemology of the middle of the XX century pointed out the linguistic aspects of various texts and justified the need for its research, since language and communication comprise the framework of human interaction, as well as determine the content and development of social relations. A substantial number of research, including on criminal law, are dedicated to the language of law and legislative linguistic systematics. The article explores the lexical meaning of the words “general”, “individual”, “particular” "separate", “separate”, “isolate”, “generalize”, and reveals their content from the perspective of etymology, word formation, and synonymy. Emphasis is also placed on the meaning of target terms in the social sphere. The question on the categories of dialectics in criminal law is raised very rarely; the indicated categories of the general, special and individual are virtually unstudied. Through the prism of linguistics, these categories cannot always be distinguished from each other, but rather overlap in content. Therefore, a single semantic characteristic is insufficient for determining their legal aspects, i.e. manifestations in the sphere of jurisprudence; it can only be considered as a stage of research. Semantic aspects of the categories set benchmarks for clarification of their philosophical and special scientific content, interpret possible variants of linguistic usage, and define its boundaries. Language characteristic helps to determine the research scope, in other words, demarcate it from the cognate concepts and terms at the initial stage of research. In the process of interpretation of criminal law, the leading methods are lexical and systemic, which allows most accurately grasp the essence of legal instructions.
general composition, competition, special rule, universal, particular, individual, special, general, special composition, legislative technique
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