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City parks of Tobolsk: past and present
Miryugina Tat'yana Andreevna

PhD in Agriculture

Docent, the department of Natural Scientific Disciplines and Teaching Methodology, Tyumen State University  

625150, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Znamenskogo, 58, of. 601

t.a.miryugina@utmn.ru
Sadykova El'za Failevna

PhD in Pedagogy

Docent, the department of Natural Scientific Disciplines and Teaching Methodology, Tyumen State University  

626150, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Znamenskogo, 58, of. 601

e.f.sadykova@utmn.ru

Abstract.

This article explores the insufficiently studied aspects of centuries-old history of the parks and gardens of Tobolsk – the spiritual center of Siberia. The author determines the key moments in their past, as well as current situation and future development prospects. The first gardens in Tobolsk and its surroundings have appeared in the early XIX century – Yermak Garden, Apothecary Garden, and Alexandrovsky Garden. The history of a number of city gardens is associated with the visits of Imperial Romanov family. For example, in 1837 the crown prince Alexander II of Russia visited Tobolsk, and after his assassination in 1881, the Tobolsk dwellers decided to erect a Chapel and lay out a garden around it, which received a name of “Alexandrovsky Garden”. The established in August 1839 “Yermak Garden” was visited by Nicholas II of Russia in 1891; “Apothecary Garden” is the first city garden, its history is traced since February 1810, when merchant Malkov acquired it form the Grand Duke Meshchersky. Currently, there has been developed the project for its reconstruction, with preservation of the historical image and selection of plants in accordance with their mentioning in the archival materials. For the first time in history, on the territory of West Siberian Plain (within the limits of Tyumen Oblast) is created a Central Siberian Botanical Garden; the botanical gardens in Tyumen and Surgut are also in progress.

Keywords: cultural and historical heritage, green architecture, Yermakovo pole, Botanical Garden, garden renovation, city gardens, city parks, history of gardens of Tobolsk, Tobolsk, landscape design

DOI:

10.7256/2310-8673.2019.2.29632

Article was received:

29-04-2019


Review date:

03-05-2019


Publish date:

04-05-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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