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The notion and the signs of crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings (criminalistic aspect)
Garmaev Yurii Petrovich

Doctor of Law

Professor of the Department of Criminal Proceedings and Forensic Studies at Banzarov Buryat State University

670000, Russia, respublika Buryatiya, g. Ulan-Ude, ul. Sukhe-Batora, 6

garmaeff1@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Ladoshkin Aleksei Sergeevich

Deputy Director of Novosibirsk Law Firm, LLC

630099, Russia, Novosibirskaya oblast', g. Novosibirsk, ul. Vokzal'naya Magistral', 15, of. 614

aleks-140@yandex.ru
Garmaeva Darima Andreevna

Postgraduate at the Department of Criminal Proceedings and Forensics of Banzarov Buryat State University

671050, Russia, respublika Buryatiya, selo Ivolginsk, kvartal Studencheskii, 5

darima.shandibaeva@mail.ru
Vasil'eva Larisa Gennad'evna

Postgraduate at the Department of Criminal Proceedings and Forensics of Banzarov Buryat State University

670000, Russia, respublika Buryatiya, g. Ulan-Ude, ul. Botanicheskaya, 3 b

larisav76@mail.ru

Abstract.

Crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings are not only widespread, but also highly latent. Judicial practice needs a system of scientifically grounded recommendations which could improve combating these criminal acts. The research subject is the detection, investigation and solution of crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings. In this context, the purpose of this article is to define the key criteria of creating a system of criminalistic recommendations aimed at raising the effectiveness of the above mentioned areas of activity of law enforcement bodies officers. The authors use the general method of the reality cognition, and the system, formal-logical and sociological methods, analysis, synthesis, modeling and abstraction. Based on the analysis of judicial practice, the authors conclude that the criminalistic approach to the essence of the notion of evidence tampering (article 303 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) doesn’t conform with the aims and tasks of criminalistic studies. To be used for creating the appropriate criminalistic technique, this notion should be wider and should include several types of accompanying crimes: 1) against justice, 2) economic and corruption crimes, 3) crimes involving violence against the trial participants, 4) other crimes. Criminologically important peculiarities of the accompanying crimes should also be taken into account, such as the specificity of the situation, subjects and their goals, the typical lucrative impulse, etc. The authors formulate the criminologically significant definition of a group of crimes if this type and substantiate the reason for forming a specific criminalistic technique of investigating crimes connected with evidence tampering in civil and arbitration proceedings.

Keywords: destruction of evidence, fake evidence, unrecognizable crimes, mercenary motive, crime, forensic science, arbitration proceedings, civil proceedings, falsification of evidence, substitution of evidence

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7810.2019.2.29521

Article was received:

22-04-2019


Review date:

23-04-2019


Publish date:

25-04-2019


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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