Methodological Grounds for Building the Model of Sociocultural Ñonditions of Child's Linguistic Competence in Ontogenesis
Abstract.The matter under research is the theoretical model of sociocultural conditions of child's linguistic competence development in ontogenesis. The author of the article raises a question about the need to analyze the variety of factors that influence the development of child's speech and language and describe the conditions that are systemically important and created by biosociocultural factors. In particular, the author focuses on the social determination of the language development and offers relevant solutions using the collective subject concept offered by S. Rubinshtein and A. Zhuravlev. The author demonstrates that successful solution of the social determination issue is possible if the research is focused on the analysis of the language competence concept (as it was described by E. Bozhovich). In his research Chernov carries out meta-analysis of previous theoretical and empirical researches that outline approaches to solution of the aforesaid issue. The novelty of the research is caused by the fact that the author views the problem from the point of view of general theoretical approaches and modern discoveries in such disciplines as psychogenetics, psychological of individual and group differences, social psychology, and psychological pedagogical practice of teaching language. The author's special contribution to the topic is that he suggests to view child's significant others (adults and children of his age) as the core condition of developing language competence. Chernov provides a description of the 'parent-child' relationship and its role in the development of child's language competence as well as describes methodological grounds for development of efficient 'teacher-school student' relationship. The research is substantiated with valid empirical data.
Keywords: subjectivity, sociocultural conditions, speech, teacher, collective subject, zone of proximal development, child-parental relations, subject-activity approach, language, linguistic competence
Article was received:26-10-2018
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