Music and music culture
Prosypkina V.O. —
The formation of national identity in the Russian urban musical culture of the XIX century
// Man and Culture. – 2017. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1 - 7.
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This article gradually examines the process of searching the national identity in secular music of the XIX century by the Russian composers, beginning from the late XVIII century, when took place the first attempts of creating the classical music that includes the elements of folk songs, and endinf with the historical operas of the late XIX century. The author reviews the professional musical activity of the following composers: A. A. Alyabiev, A. L. Gurilev, A. E. Varlamov, M. I. Glinka, A. S. Dargomyzhsky, M. A. Balakirev, C. A. Cui, M. P. Mussorgsky, N. A. Rimsky–Korsakov, A. P. Borodin, P. I. Tchaikovsky, A. G. Rubinstein, and others. This process is examined using the method of music comparative studies, as well as the analysis of most influential aesthetic ideological processes, which took place in Russian cities of the XIX century. The conclusion is formulated that the inherent to Russian culture features were most intensively depicted in the opera genre oeuvres, if draw comparison with other secular music genres popular in the XIX century. The author defines the reasons that led the composers to pick opera as the most adequate musical form for expressing the peculiarities of Russian culture.
Keywords: Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, The Mighty Handful, Russian folklore, Russian song tradition, urban culture, historical opera, secular music, Russian musical culture, Russian opera, national identity
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