Kuzmin Y.V. —
Science and Technology Level in Russia during the First World War: the Example of Aircraft Industry (Database Statistical Analysis)
// Historical informatics.
– 2018. – ¹ 4.
– P. 1 - 21.
DOI: 10.7256/2585-7797.2018.4.28187 URL: https://en. nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=28187
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The article studies the increase of aircraft speed during 1913-1918 in the main countries participating in the First World War: Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Russia, the USA and France. It is the first time when the average speed of aircraft has been calculated. This involved the collection of data on the production of aircrafts by types and years. A separate comparison was made for combat planes and fighters - a class for which speed is of particular importance.
The author has specified data on the amount of planes manufactured within the period understudy as well. He has collected data on airplane production in 1913-1918 and their performance within a database of 2450 records. It is shown that in 1913 the average plane speeds in six countries mentioned above were similar, but by the end of the war the allies (Great Britain, France and Italy) took the lead while Germany and especially Russia lagged behind. In Germany the lag occurred in 1917-1918 and in Russia mainly in the first two years of the war rather than during those revolutionary years. The author concludes that this lag is caused by the increasing share of locally manufactured planes in Russian aircraft industry that reached 50% in 1917-1918.
historical database, Russian aircraft design, industry, airplane performance, airplane manufacturing, aviation history, Great war history, aviation, fighters, airplane's velocity growth
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