Demography and statistics
Karpov G.A. —
Demographic situation in modern Great Britain: explosion or crisis?
// Sociodynamics. – 2017. – ¹ 9.
– P. 1 - 20.
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Review: The subject of this study is the demographic situation in modern Great Britain that at the present stage experiences a rapid increase in population. The article analyses the key demographic indexes and main channels of migrants’ flow into the country at the brink of XX – XXI centuries. Particular attention is given to the age pattern, composition of the families, birth and death rate. The author also examines the negative trends in demographics of the indigenous British population throughout the late XX – beginning of the XXI centuries. The scientific novelty consists in the use of sources that have not been previously introduced in the academic discourse, as well as extensive cover of the statistical data on this matter. Over the recent decades, Great Britain experiences the large-scale demographic changes characterized by the massive influx of migrants and practical extinction of the British people. The current outburst of population size of the country is provided by the constant migration from Asia, Africa, and new member-states of the European Union, as well as high birth rate among the immigrants. The mainstream population of Great Britain undergoes a permanent demographic crisis, which leads to the fall in rate of birth below the natural reproduction, increase of the median age, and departure of the active citizens from the country. Thus, in parallel with the overall increase in population of the country, there also take place a rapid substitution of the ethnic and religious composition of the population by the non-European minorities. In the nearest future, such process will inevitably result in the tectonic shifts in all spheres of life of the British society.
Keywords: population, EU, average age, mortality, fertility, demography, emigration, immigration, Great Britain, statistics
United Kingdom population mid-year estimate // The Office for National Statistics. URL:https://www.ons.gov.uk/generator?format=xls&uri=/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/populationestimates/timeseries/ukpop/pop
Coleman D. A. Projections of the Ethnic Minority Populations of the United Kingdom 2006–2056 // Population and Development Review. September , 2010. Vol., 36(3). P. 441–486.
Karpov G.A. Britanskaya migratsionnaya politika vtoroy poloviny XX – nachala XXI vv.: uroki dlya Rossii // Natsional'naya bezopasnost'. 2017. ¹ 1. S. 15-41.
Population by Country of Birth and Nationality Report August 2012 // Office for National Statistics. URL: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/migration1/migration-statistics-quarterly-report/august-2012/population-by-country-of-birth-and-nationality.html
UK Employment rate (people aged 16 to 64), seasonally adjusted // The Office for National Statistics. URL: https://www.ons.gov.uk/generator?uri=/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/employmentandemployeetype
The nationality issue
Samsonova I.V., Neustroeva A.B., Pavlova M.B. —
Relationship issues between the indigenous people of the North and exploration companies of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
// Sociodynamics. – 2017. – ¹ 9.
– P. 21 - 37.
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Review: The subject of this research is the interrelation between the indigenous communities of the North and exploration companies in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The authors analyze the legal grounds for regulating relations between the indigenous minorities of the North and subsoil users. The work gives special attention to examination of the role of the traditional types of activities in sustenance, food provision, and employment of indigenous people of the North; analyzes an opinion of indigenous people regarding compensation in case of the negative effect upon the natural resources necessary for the traditional economic activity. The following methods are applied in the course of this study: statistical analysis; analysis of the documents of indigenous communities; expert interviews with the founding parties, heads of the indigenous communities and heads of rural settlements, dwellers competent in social, economic, demographic, cultural, and other sectors of life of the indigenous minorities of the North; as well as method of questionnaire among the members of indigenous communities. The conducted research demonstrates that there exist certain restrictions in development of the relations between the indigenous people of the North and large exploration companies, which first and foremost are associated with the lack of legislative documents at the federal and regional levels. In addition, the authors determine the insufficiency of experience and practice among the representatives of the indigenous people of the North aimed at expressing the interests of their activity.
Keywords: Sociological methods of research, Hunting, Ethnological expertise, Compensations , Traditional types of activity, Territories of traditional exploitation of natural resources , Subsoil users, Large industrial corporations, Indigenous community, Indigenous people
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