Questions of current interest
Prostotina Yu.V. —
Gender stereotypes: formation and determinants
// Sociodynamics. – 2017. – ¹ 3.
– P. 1 - 9.
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Review: This article gives definition to the gender stereotypes, as well as reveals its essence and key properties, based on which identifies its determinants and varieties. The author trace the connection between gender stereotypes and peculiarities of male and female psyche. Determinants of the gender stereotypes should be considered the physical gender, traditional cultural values, and sociocultural dynamics, which can results in modification of the values and formation of the new social statuses and norms. The core of gender stereotypes consists of peculiarities the male and female psyche, behavioral specificities and their manifestation in interpersonal relations in personal life, and mostly, in family. The conclusion is made that gender stereotypes are not just the specified social norms, but also the generalized perceptions of the behavior of men and women that suggest multiple options and combinations of the status and role-based examples. It can be said that the gender stereotypes form at the intersection of biological and cultural factors.
Keywords: Psyche, Model of gender interaction, Gender, Social norms, Cultural values, Determinant, Intergender relations, Family, Gender stereotype, Behavioral specificities
Bern Sh. Gendernaya psikhologiya. Zakony muzhskogo i zhenskogo povedeniya / Per. s angl. SPb., 2007. Gl.1. S.18-60.
Zubkov V.I. Opyt izucheniya semeynogo nasiliya v sovremennoy Rossii // Sotsial'no-gumanitarnye znaniya, 2012. ¹5. S.258-259.
Zdravomyslova E., Temkina A. Kategoriya vlasti v gendernykh issledovaniyakh // Gender kak instrument poznaniya i preobrazovaniya obshchestva. Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii «Gendernye issledovaniya: lyudi i temy, kotorye ob'edinyayut soobshchestvo», Moskva, 4-5 aprelya 2005 g. / Red.-sost. E.A.Ballaeva, O.A.Voronina, L.G.Lunyakova. M., 2006. S.109-110.
Frankl V. Chelovek v poiskakh smysla: Sbornik: Per. s angl. i nem. / Obshch. red. L.Ya. Gozmana i D.A. Leont'-eva; vst. st. D.A. Leont'eva. M., 1990. S.102.
Piz A., Piz B. Pochemu muzhchiny vrut. M., 2006. S.28-29, 57,99,172-173, 206.
Kir'yanov M., Stepanov V. Kupit' muzhchinu. M., 2008. S.34-35.
Zubkov V.I. Sotsiologicheskaya teoriya riska: Uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov. M., 2009. S.176-177.
Psikhologiya lichnosti: Uchebnoe posobie / Pod red. P.N. Erm
Dianina E.V. —
Russian and foreign systems of management of the students’ career orientation: comparative analysis
// Sociodynamics. – 2017. – ¹ 3.
– P. 10 - 17.
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Review: This article provides a comparative analysis of the foreign and Russian (on the example of Moscow) system of the youth career orientation. Special attention is given to the examination of the career orientation management system in foreign countries, where it is structured based on the powerful theoretical-methodological foundation that constantly undergoes improvements. According to the opinion of multiple researchers, the foreign system of the youth career orientation surpasses the Russian in many criteria. Due to the fact that Moscow offers extensive opportunities and favorable conditions for implementation of the advanced foreign experience of career guidance practice with the youth, the professional self-determination gains special importance for the capital city. The main conclusion of the conducted research consists in the necessity for further improvements in the system of social management of career guidance in Moscow region. Such activity must carry a systemic character that is expresses in state regulation, precise determination of duration of the career guidance, application of innovative forms and methods of its realization, as well as preparation and attraction of the qualified specialists in this field.
Keywords: career guidance events, career guidance activity, career orientation management system, proffessional adaptation, youth, professional counseling, professional diagnostics, professional advisers, professional self-determination, career guidance
Tikhonova E.V., Dianina E.V. Problemnye zony professional'noy orientatsii uchashchikhsya moskovskikh shkol: rezul'taty ekspertnogo oprosa/ E.V. Tikhonova E.V. Dianina// «Aktual'nye problemy upravleniya-2016» [Tekst]: materialy 21-y Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii Vyp. 3 / Gosudarstvennyy universitet upravleniya. M.: Izdatel'skiy dom GUU, 2016. S. 244-248.
Romanova E.S. Organizatsiya proforientatsionnoy raboty v shkole: metodicheskoe posobie / E.S. Romanova. M.: Izdatel'skiy tsentr «Akademiya», 2013. 304 s. — (Seriya «Professional'naya orientatsiya»).
Polozhenie o Gorodskom obshchestvennom sovete po professional'nomu samoopredeleniyu obuchayushchikhsya gosudarstvennykh obrazovatel'nykh organizatsiy sistemy Departamenta obrazovaniya goroda Moskvy [Elektronnyy resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://mosmetod.ru/metodicheskoe-prostranstvo/proforientatsiya/obshchestvenno-metodicheskij-sovet-po-proforientatsii/normativno-pravovoe-obespechenie-deyatelnosti/polozhenie-o-gorodskom-obshchestvennom-sovete-po-profess.html (data obrashcheniya: 25.01. 2