Symbol, word, speech, language
Zav'yalova N.A. —
«Receptive Aesthetics» of Japan and China in Artifacts, Words and Symbols
// Culture and Art. – 2017. – ¹ 7.
– P. 1 - 13.
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Review: The focal point of the paper are numerous manifestations of the principle of “receptive aesthetics” in the culture of Japan which has reworked Chinese aesthetic patterns in the own way. The main concern of the paper is the idea to demonstrate the grounds for comparing cultures, to describe the typological features of Japanese and Chinese cultures. There are three main types of study design used to identify cultural features: the objects of fine arts, language expressions and films. There is much evidence of the possibility to draw the lines of similarity between Japan and China on religious, semantic, aesthetic and gender grounds. The main method is a systematic approach to a culture that allows one to trace the genesis of individual components of the cultural system, which subsequently influence the entire system as a whole. At the heart of the work there are 2 principles of the description of culture: the principle of “receptive aesthetics”, formulated by V.A. Lukov and Vl. A. Lukov, as well as the “universal return principle” of M.Yu. Lotman. The main findings of the research are culture-study interpretation of the motifs that served as the basis for Japanese artifacts. This is of much practical value, as the proposed interpretations can be applied to any area of cultural production. The interpretations, if necessary, will contribute to the creation of a unique color of the Far Eastern cultures, penetration into their ideological content, decoding of ethno specific meanings. The most important conclusions of the work are a list of typological features of Japanese culture, which are the results of Chinese influence. These features are as follows: religious syncretism, binary perception, seasonality, gender asymmetry, displacement of the animation focus.
Keywords: China, Japan, sense, conscience, gender, syncretism, Shinto, Buddhism, aesthetics, artifact
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