Philosophy and culture
Chernova A.S. —
Marginality - marginal personality - marginal culture: general and special.
// Philosophy and Culture. – 2017. – ¹ 8.
– P. 1 - 8.
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Review: This article is dedicated to examination of notions of "marginal", "marginality" and "marginal culture". The object of research is the socio-cultural space of a modern city. The author attempts to indicate the boundaries between the aforementioned notions, as well as determine their common features and specificity. The article reviews the causes led to emergence of the phenomenon of marginality, interrelation of marginal culture with the dominant culture alongside the phenomena of subculture and counterculture. At the same time, the author holds to an extensive view upon marginal personality that combines features inherent to various cultures. The work implies the method of “ideal types”, method of typology of cultures, as well as dialectical method, which suggested considering culture as a developing, internally contradictory, and multifaceted phenomenon. The scientific novelty consists in determination of the specific features common to marginal culture. As a result of the research, the author concludes that the concepts of "marginality", "marginal" and "marginal culture" are basically borderline and dualistic. Marginality is understood as a state of individuals who ended up in a limbo between two cultures combining their elements. They become the carriers of marginal culture, which also holds a place "at the outskirts" of dominant culture.
Keywords: subculture, minority culture, dominant culture, urban culture, marginal culture, marginal personality, marginality, counterculture, conflict, borderline
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