The new paradigm of science
Abramova A.S. —
Atmosphere: on the essence of the phenomenon
// Philosophy and Culture. – 2017. – Ή 4.
– P. 20 - 41.
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Review: This article examines the issue of the study on the atmosphere and its relationship to the material culture, subjectivity and influence. This article presents a hypothesis that the atmosphere, due to its phenomenal and interdisciplinary character, might be placed between the material and immaterial, the practical and ideal, or the subject, and object. It is known that the expression "atmosphere" is widely used in the common language to describe the inseparable part of the reality. It is the reason which lies behind the difficulties with its epistemological identification and definition. This article presents the performative, aesthetic, emotional, and phenomenological methods of studying the atmosphere. These methods originate from the works of German philosophers such as Hermann Schmitz and Gernot Böhme. The relevance of this approach and the scope of its applicability are determined. The author comes to the conclusion that the atmosphere cannot be limited or precisely defined spatially or physically, meanwhile it has an ontological reality that definitely adjusts the world and each individual perception, not being a given thing, but rather a way out of a thing beyond its limits.The theoretical propositions presented within the framework of the article can be used for the detailed study on the phenomenon of the atmosphere in its humanitarian incarnation, as well as a subtler reading of cultural and social phenomena in their widest sense context. Also, the provisions of the article can be used in the field of architecture and design, urban design, retailing and many other areas of human life due to the ubiquity of this phenomenon.
Keywords: aesthetics, half-entities, object, subject, affect, phenomenon, atmosphere, thing, perception, space
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