Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1930,   Articles in work: 305 Declined articles: 747 
Library
Articles and journals | Tariffs | Payments | Your profile

Back to contents

1933 Soviet Food Industry Problems as Described in Factory Press (Content-Analysis of Mass-Circulation Newspapers “Za Boevye Tempy” and “Nasha Pravda”)
Soloshchenko Natalia

Master's degree student at Historical Information Science Department of Lomonosov Moscow State University

4 korp., 27 Lomonosovskii prospekt,  Moscow, Russia,  119192

soloshchenko-natalya@yandex.ru

Abstract.

The article studies how Soviet food industry problems were described in mass-circulation press of this branch during the 1933 crisis year. The author compares ideological, production and social issues in mass-circulation newspapers by Red Oktyabr’ and Rot Front confectionery factories. Interaction between two content layers of these periodicals is studied as well. Emphasis is laid on general and distinctive features of the way problems were described as well as the extent certain issues of mass-circulation newspapers of different enterprises were typical to. New research technique has been developed and employed to analyze mass-circulation newspapers with the help of MAXQDA program. The computer based content-analysis lets the author conclude that in the crisis situation of the first year of the second Pyatiletka (Five-Year Plan) mass-circulation newspapers were used to socially mobilize workers and draw their attention away from that situation. Social and production problems taken together were more common in the papers than ideological ones. However, attempts to form a positive reality relate to qualitative rather than quantitative aspect of propaganda in food industry mass-circulation newspapers. 

Keywords: Soviet food industry, content-analysis, the Second Five-Year Plan, Red Oktyabr’ factory, Rot Front factory , MAXQDA, Soviet press, the USSR, mass-circulation press, industrialization in the USSR

DOI:

10.7256/2585-7797.2017.4.24841

Article was received:

27-11-2017


Review date:

28-11-2017


Publish date:

29-12-2017


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Vybornova A. I. Put' v zhizn'. M. : Profizdat, 1931. — 32 s.
2.
Garskova I. M. Novye tendentsii v komp'yuterizovannom analize tekstov: kontseptsii, metody, tekhnologii // Elektronnyi nauchno-obrazovatel'nyi zhurnal «Istoriya». 2015. T. 6. Vypusk 8 (41) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Dostup dlya zaregistrirovannykh pol'zovatelei. URL: http://history.jes.su/s207987840001255-9-1 (data obrashcheniya: 15.02.2017). DOI: 10.18254/S0001255-9-1.
3.
Glushchenko I. V. Myaso: Sovetskaya mikoyanovskaya mnogotirazhka. // Russkaya zhizn': Za dve nedeli. 2008. № 3(20). S. 98–101.
4.
Goldman V. Z. Zhenshchiny u prokhodnoi. Gendernye otnosheniya v sovetskoi industrii (1917–1937 gg.). M. : ROSSPEN, 2010. — 358 s.
5.
Zhuravlev S. V., Mukhin M. Yu. «Krepost' sotsializma»: Povsednevnost' i motivatsiya truda na sovetskom predpriyatii, 1928-1938 gg. M. : ROSSPEN, 2004. — 238 s.
6.
Za boevye tempy. 1933. 9 yanvarya (№ 1).
7.
Za boevye tempy. 1933. 7 aprelya (№ 16).
8.
Za boevye tempy. 1933. 23 iyunya (№ 27).
9.
Za boevye tempy. 1934. 30 dekabrya (№ 55).
10.
Zingis K. A. Publikatsii zaklyuchennykh: kontent-analiz gazety «Novye Solovki» (1925–1930 gg.) // Istoricheskaya informatika. 2015. № 3–4. S.45–55.
11.
Kupaigorodskaya A. P. Mnogotirazhnye gazety leningradskikh predpriyatii pervoi poloviny 20–kh godov // Arkheograficheskii ezhegodnik za 1977 god. M. : Nauka, 1978. S. 183–191.
12.
Markevich A. M., Sokolov A. K. «Magnitka bliz Sadovogo kol'tsa»: stimuly k rabote na Moskovskom zavode «Serp i molot», 1883–2001 gg. M. : ROSSPEN, 2005. — 367 s.
13.
Nasha pravda. 1933. 20 yanvarya (№ 3).
14.
Nasha pravda. 1933. 27 dekabrya (№ 51)
15.
Numerova L. A. Koroli konditerskogo dela. M. : «Interbuk-biznes», 2007. — 110 s.
16.
Otchet izbiratelyam. 1931-1934: materialy o rabote Leninskogo raionnogo soveta RK i KD. M. : Izd. Leninskogo raionnogo soveta RK i KD, 1934. — 110 s.
17.
Prokhorov V. S., Solov'ev P. F., Gudkovskaya T. M., Manin V. S.. Konditerskoi fabrike «Krasnyi Oktyabr'» 100 let. 1867–1967. M. : Pishchevaya promyshlennost', 1967. — 238 s.
18.
Razdina N. V. Pervye pyatiletki: promyshlennaya politika SSSR v otrazhenii gazety «Za industrializatsiyu». M. : MAKS Press, 2016. — 222 s.
19.
Soloshchenko N. V. Mnogotirazhnaya gazeta «Nasha pravda» konditerskoi fabriki «Krasnyi Oktyabr'» v gody pervoi pyatiletki: istochnikovedcheskie i metodicheskie aspekty analiza gazetnogo materiala // Istoricheskaya informatika, 2015. № 3–4. S. 33–44.
20.
Soloshchenko N. V. Proizvodstvennye i sotsial'nye problemy sovetskoi pishchevoi promyshlennosti pervoi pyatiletki v otrazhenii zavodskoi pechati (kontent-analiz mnogotirazhnoi gazety konditerskoi fabriki «Krasnyi Oktyabr'») // Istoricheskaya informatika, 2016. № 3–4. S. 26–40.
21.
Sotsial'naya mobilizatsiya v stalinskom obshchestve (konets 1920–kh –1930–e gg.): Kollektivnaya monografiya / Arnautov N. B., Krasil'nikov S. A., Kuznetsov I. S., Minenkov D. D., Pystina L. I., Soskovets L. I., Teplyakov A. G., Trotsenko N. D., Ushakova S. N., Sher O. V.; Novosib. gos. un-t. — Novosibirsk, 2013. — 419 s.
22.
Ushakova S. N. Ideologo-propagandistskie kampanii v praktike funktsionirovaniya stalinskogo rezhima: novye podkhody i istochniki. M. : ROSSPEN, 2013. — 215 s.
23.
Fitspatrik Sh. Povsednevnyi stalinizm. Sotsial'naya istoriya Sovetskoi Rossii v 30–e gody: gorod. 2–e izd. M. : ROSSPEN, 2008. — 336 s.
24.
Borah, P. Examining media content: A case study of newspaper coverage of dowry in India, 1999-2006. Asian Journal of Communication, 2008. vol. 18, No.4. pp. 379–395.
25.
Gronow, J. Caviar with champagne: common luxury and the ideals of the good life in Stalin's Russia. Oxford; New York: Berg, 2003. — 196 p.
26.
Lenoe, M. Closer to the Masses: Stalinist Culture, Social Revolution, and Soviet Newspapers. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 2004. — 326 p.
27.
Macnamara, J. Media content analysis: Its uses; benefits and best practice methodology. Asia Pacific Public Relations Journal, 2005. vol. 6, No.1. pp. 1–34.
28.
Majstorović, D. Ethical disputes and credibility of daily newspapers — content analysis of front page newspaper articles in Jutarnji list and Večernji list. Media studies, 2010. vol. 1, No. 1–2. pp. 5–64.
29.
Reason, M. & García, B., Approaches to the newspaper archive: content analysis and press coverage of Glasgow’s Year of Culture. Media, Culture & Society, 2007. vol. 29. pp. 304–331. DOI: 10.1177/0163443707074261.
30.
Rossman, J. J. Worker resistance under Stalin: class and revolution on the shop floor. Cambridge, Mass : Harvard University Press, 2005. — 314 p.
31.
Sanford, R. & Weitzer, R. Framing human trafficking: A content analysis of recent U.S. newspaper articles. Journal of Human trafficking, 2016. vol.2, No.2. pp. 139–155.
32.
Schenk, C. Nationalism in the Russian media: content analysis of newspaper coverage surrounding conflict in Stavropol, 24 May–7 June 2007, Nationalities Papers, 2012. vol. 40. pp. 783–805.
33.
Shimotomai, N. Moscow under Stalinist rule, 1931–34. Basingstoke : Macmillan, 1991. — 179 p.