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Social Determination of Practical Psychological Currents Development in Russia in the First Half of the XX Century: Results of the Research
Artemeva Ol'ga Arkadjevna

Doctor of Psychology

Department of Social Psychology, Irkutsk State University

664025, Russia, g. Irkutsk, ul. Chkalova, 2, kab. 406

oaartemeva@yandex.ru

 

 
Sineva Ol'ga Valentinovna

senior lecturer of the Department of Social Psychology at Irkutsk State University

664025 Irkutsk, ul. Chkalova 2

igel-1986@yandex.ru

 

 
Abstract. The authors of the present research defines the problem of social determination of the historical development of Russian practical psychology. Based on the material of the history of main currents of Russian practical psychology's development in the first half of the XX century the author proposes the historical-scientific solution of the aforesaid problem. The authors also give a brief description of the main modern approaches to defining conditions, prerequisites, factors and results of the social determination of the pedagogical, psychoanalytical and psychotechnical movements of the 1920's - early 1930's. The authors present the results of the empirical research of what has determined the development and crisis of those movements in the first half of the XXth century using such methods of historical and psychological research as the analysis of research findings, biographical and bibliographical analysis, historical and psychological reconstruction and development of the classification of historical stages. The authors describe the main social conditions for developing research and practical movements: 1) Soviet science policy; 2) public demand for practice-oriented researches in industrial, ideological, social and administrative spheres. For the first time in he academic literature the authors describe the main mechanism of the social determination of the development of research and practical movements of the Soviet psychology, institutionalization. The authors define specific features of the Soviet research policy towards practical psychology, its ambivalent nature and role for de-institutionalization processes (elimination of research centers, specific print media, etc.). The authors also offer their own classification of stages of research and practical movements in the Russian psychology of the first half of the XXth century taking into account the social environment. 
 

Keywords: social determination of science, institutionalization of science, practical psychology, scientific policy, Russian psychology, history of psychology, Soviet psychology, psychotechnics, pedology, psychoanalysis
DOI: 10.25136/2409-8701.2017.6.21612
Article was received: 16-05-2017

Review date: 16-02-2017

Publish date: 10-01-2018

This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here.

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