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Transformation of public sphere in theory and practice of public administration
Abstract.The subject of this research is the public sphere in theory and practice of public administration from the era of Medieval Times until the present stage. Differentiation of public sphere is viewed based on the evolution of the institution of monarchy within the process of bourgeois-democratic transformations in Europe and the United States, transition from the concept of feudal-estate representation of authority towards the bourgeois-democratic concept, development of religious freedom, and separation church and state. The analysis of classical liberal model of public sphere, as well as public sphere under the circumstances of establishment of the welfare state in the XX century allows revealing the role and meaning of mass media in advancement of publicity of the social and state actors. Methodology of this work includes the application of historical and logical methods, which based on studying of the theory and practice of public administration, are able to trace the establishment of public sphere and mark its key elements and interrelation between them. The main conclusions of the conducted research lie in the following positions: the public sphere in many aspects depends on the representation of authority in the context of informatization of public administration, as well as development of mass media under the conditions of mass democracy; state authority takes on the role of coordination of public space and public policy; takes place the consolidation of public authority within the network public space; overcoming the “re-feudalization” of public sphere is possible based on the achieving by the state and society of the new political compromises; public actors need to receive constant support from society under the circumstances of crisis of the publicity.
Keywords: Feudal Lord, Middle Ages, Monarch, Mass Media, Public Discussion, Publicity, Public Administration, Public Sphere, Bourgeoisie, Mass Democracy
Article was received:04-11-2016
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .