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Arctic and Antarctica
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Application of georadiolocation to assess the influence of the highway on the depth of permafrost in polygonal swamps of the North of Western Siberia

Kaverin Dmitry Aleksandrovich

ORCID: 0000-0003-2559-2340

PhD in Geography

Senior Researcher, Institute of Biology of the Komi Scientific Research Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

167982, Russia, respublika Komi, g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 28

dkav@mail.ru
Sudakova Mariya Sergeevna

PhD in Physics and Mathematics

Researcher, Institute of the Cryosphere of the Earth, TYUMNTS SB RAS

625000, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tyumen', ul. Malygina, 86

m.s.sudakova@yandex.ru
Khomutov Artem Valerievich

PhD in Geology and Mineralogy

Leading Researcher, Institute of the Cryosphere of the Earth, TYUMNTS SB RAS

625026, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tyumen', ul. Malygina, 86

akhomutov@gmail.com
Khairullin Rustam Rustamovich

Junior Researcher, Institute of the Cryosphere of the Earth, TYUMNTS SB RAS

625000, Russia, g. Tyumen', ul. Malygina, 86

rustam93-93@bk.ru
Fakashchuk Nikita Yurievich

Junior Researcher, Institute of the Cryosphere of the Earth, TYUMNTS SB RAS

625026, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tyumen', ul. Malygina, 86

fakashuk@yandex.ru
Pastukhov Aleksandr Valerievich

Doctor of Biology

Senior Researcher, Institute of Biology of the Komi Scientific Research Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

167982, Russia, respublika Komi, g. Syktyvkar, ul. Kommunisticheskaya, 28

alpast@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8922.2022.2.37964

Review date:

29-04-2022


Publish date:

17-05-2022


Abstract: The results of the application of geo-radar profiling for the study of soils and underlying rocks of polygonal bogs of the Pur-Taz interfluve (North of Western Siberia), functioning in natural and anthropogenic disturbed conditions, are presented. The research area belongs to the southern tundra with a predominantly continuous distribution of permafrost rocks. The construction of highways in the North of Russia is one of the main factors of anthropogenic impact on the tundra geosystems of the cryolithozone, affecting the temperature regimes of soils and the depth of permafrost. The features of spatial differentiation of the depth of occurrence of permafrost rocks on the site of polygonal swamps intersected by a federal highway were determined by the methods of geo-radar profiling. Georadiolactic profiling made it possible to determine the configuration of the depth of the permafrost roof both in natural and anthropogenic disturbed areas of polygonal swamps. The maximum lowering of the permafrost roof is determined at the base of the road embankment and does not exceed a depth of three meters. Despite the deep occurrence of the MMP roof under the road embankment, the thickness of the thawed buried peat horizons here is similar to that of the seasonally shallow layer of undisturbed peat polygons. The features of spatial differentiation of the depth of the permafrost roof in the polygonal swamps intersected by the bulk highway in the North of Western Siberia are similar to those characteristic of regions with a continuous low-temperature cryolithozone. The method of manual probing of the permafrost roof was used to verify the results of geo-radar profiling within undisturbed areas.


Keywords: Western Siberia, southern tundra, anthropogenic disturbances, highway, manual sensing, tundra soils, seasonally small layer, permafrost rocks, georadar, polygonal swamps
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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