Читать статью 'Оперативная деятельность Министерства Внутренних Дел Литвы против национал-сепаратистов в 1944 - 53 гг.' в журнале Полицейская деятельность на сайте nbpublish.com
Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1727,   Articles in work: 355 Declined articles: 406 
Library

Back to contents

Police activity
Reference:

Operative activities of the Ministry of the Interior of Lithuania against national-separatists in 1944 - 1953

Kilimnik Evgenii Vital'evich

Doctor of Art History

Professor at the Department of General Psychology and the Humanities of the Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

620000, Russia, Sverdlovskaya oblast', g. Ekaterinburg,, ul. Pr. Lenina, 48, kv. 24

kilimnik_06@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0692.2021.2.35439

Review date:

06-04-2021


Publish date:

08-05-2021


Abstract: Based on the historical-legal approach, the author studies the national-separatist organization The Forest Brothers that was acting in Lithuania in 1944 - 1953 and was resisting the authorities by means of terrorist acts. The research subject is the set of measures aimed at suppressing nationalist armed groups. Special attention to this research is caused by the necessity to analyze the activities of the Forest Brothers, as in Lithuania since the Post-Soviet period, the actions of nationalists have been heroified, many of whom, during the occupation, served in divisions under the German administration. The purpose of the research is the historical and legal assessment of the activities of separatists in postwar Lithuania. Special attention is given to the operative activities of NKVD aimed at suppressing regional extremism and introducing legal order in postwar Lithuania. Special contribution of the author is the consideration of the problem of national-separatism in Lithuania. It’s been established that to suppress and oppose the Forest Brothers, the bodies of NKVD and the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic developed a set of operative, tactical and ideological measures which helped as early as by the late 1945 to change the situation in the Republic and achieve the permanent annual decrease of destructive actions of nationalists, and since the late 1940s - the early 1950s to fully control the criminogenic situation in the Republic. It’s been established that the set of measures against Lithuanian separatists consisted of five main directions which included the creation of People's Defense Platoons known as “Destroyers”, constant mopping up of forests for extinguishing the resistance zones, intelligence work, large scale amnesty of fighters, deportation of persons who shared the ideas and supported nationalism and separatism. The scientific novelty of the research consists in the critical scientific insight into Lithuanian separatism, its prerequisites and methods of struggling against it by the internal affairs bodies of Lithuania in 1944 - 1953. 
 


Keywords: measures, Lithuanian Soviet Republic, Forest Brothers, armed struggle, extremism, nationalism, separatism, suppression, post-war period, NKVD-MVD
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Istoriya Litovskoi SSR/ Redaktor Vaitkyavichyus B. ‒ Vil'nyus: Moks-las, 1978. ‒ 708 s.
2.
Kuodite Dalya. Mezhdu vchera i segodnya. «Istoriya litovskoi bor'by za svobodu, armii i utrat» / Genotsid i soprotivlenie. 2006. ‒ S. 39.
3.
Anušauskas Arvydas. The occupation regimes and their crimes in the Baltic, 1940–1991 / Arvydas Anušauskas, Irēne Šneidere, Küllo Arjakas, Valdis Bērziņš. ‒ Riga: Institute of the History of Latvia Publishers, 2006. ‒ 51 p.
4.
Galula David Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and PracticeWestport. ‒ Connecticut: Praeger Security International, 1964. ‒ R. 54-56.
5.
Lukša-Daumantas Juozas. Freedom fighters: Lithuanian partisans against the USSR.-New York: Manyland Books. 1975. ‒ R. 89.
6.
Nijolė Gaškaitė. Psipriešinimo istorija 1944 – 1953 m. ‒ Vilnius: Aidai, 1989. ‒ 620 r.
7.
Pajaujis-Javis Joseph. Soviet Genocide in Lithuania. ‒ New York: Manyl-and Books, Inc., 1980. ‒ R. 109.
8.
Vytas Stanley Vardys. Lithuania Under the Soviets: Portrait of a Nation, 1940-65. ‒ New York, Washington, and London: Praeger, 1965. ‒ 299 r.
9.
Zinkevičius Z. Lietuvių kalbos istorija. ‒ Vilnius: Mokslas, 1987. ‒ 189 r.
10.
Strods H. Latvijas nacionalo partizanu karsˇ, 1944–1956. / Latvian national partisan war, 1944–1956. Riga, Preses Latviešu val. 1996. 573 s.
11.
https// Šautuvu „miško broliai“. Partizanų karas… history. wikireading.ru› 279757
12.
https// 10 skyrius. „Miško brolių“ pėdomis….military.wikireading.ru›14835