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Vaccination against coronavirus: legal issues

Maslyakov Vladimir Vladimirovich

Doctor of Medicine

Professor, the department of Surgical Diseases, Mari State University

413116, Russia, respublika Marii El, g. Ioshkar-Ola, ul. Ploshchad' Imeni V.i., 1

maslyakov@inbox.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Portenko Natal'ya Nikoaevna

PhD in Pedagogy

Docent, the department of Humanities, Medical University "Reaviz"

410012, Russia, g. Saratov, ul. Verkhnii Rynok, 10

portenko@bk.ru
Pavlova Ol'ga Nikolaevna

Doctor of Biology

Professor, the department of Safety in Railway Transport, Samara State University

443066, Russia, g. Samara, ul. Svobody, 2 V

casiopeya13@mail.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2306-9945.2020.3.33965

Review date:

24-09-2020


Publish date:

26-10-2020


Abstract.

This article examines the legal issues related to voluntary vaccination against the novel coronavirus infection COVID-19. It is noted that usage of contract with regards to mandatory vaccinations against coronavirus is impossible, as from the legal perspective, signing a contract is voluntary. Therefore, it is necessary to issue the corresponding legislative act that would not only establish the responsibility, but also ensure right for protection of biological database. There is also a need to settle the matter pertaining to storage of the collected biomaterial, as well as monitoring of the process of testing mass vaccination. There are currently no legislative acts on this issue, which necessitates the development of normative legal acts thereof. The article reviews the legal issues related to voluntary vaccination against the novel coronavirus infection COVID-19. There yet multiple unresolved legal issues regarding the application of new vaccine, requirements for its transportation, and storage of biological materials. It is underlined that if a pedagogue, medical employee, or sales person are not vaccinated against coronavirus, the suspension of this category of citizens or refusal to hire is currently unlawful. This is substantiated by the fact that in order for vaccination against any infectious disease (including COVID-19) to be mandatory, it is essential to make amendments to not only the aforementioned legislative act, but also to the framework law of 11.11.2011 No. 323-FZ “On the Fundamentals of Protection of Public Health in the Russian Federation”. These legislative acts should ensure the rights of citizens for refusal of medical treatment overall, as well as refusal of preventive vaccinations in particular.

Keywords: epidemic of the disease, preventive vaccination calendar, changes in legislation, refusal of vaccinations, mandatory preventive vaccinations, COVID-19, voluntary consent, legal issues, vaccination, coronavirus
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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