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Genesis: Historical research
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“Exile settlers” in Northwestern Siberia: social portrait, labor activity and living conditions of the deported population
Zagorodnyuk Nadezhda Ivanovna

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, Tobolsk Complex Scientific Station of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

626152, Russia, Tyumenskaya oblast', g. Tobol'sk, ul. Ak. Yu. Osipova, 15

niz1957@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-868X.2019.12.31679

Review date:

18-12-2019


Publish date:

18-12-2019


Abstract.

The object of this research is the separate group of forced settlers – the deported citizens of the Soviet Union, convicted unlawfully for evading “agricultural work and leading an antisocial parasitic lifestyle” in accordance with the decree of Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of USSR of February 21 and June 2, 1948. Based on the archival materials, the author describes the number, resettlement sites, social composition of “exile settlers”, their labor activity and living conditions in the territory of Northwestern Siberia (Yamalo-Nenets and Khanti-Mansi Autonomous Okrugs of Tyumen Region. The article explores the previously unstudied questions of postwar deportation in the territory under consideration. The conclusion is made that “exile settlers” unlike other population groups, had special legal status; they became the source of compulsory workforce in timber industry, as well as construction of the Chum-Salekhard-Igarka Railway. The analysis of their social composition and content of sentences allow stating on the unlawfulness of application of repressions towards separate citizens; same as other groups of political prisoners, they stayed in arduous material and living conditions.

Keywords: correctional labor camp, forest industry, special settlers, special settlements, forced labor, collective farmers, deportation, North-Western Siberia, repression, he railway construction
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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