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Usage of basic problem-solving techniques in the discipline of general physics in higher school

Savchenko Elizaveta Viktorovna

PhD in Pedagogy

Docent, the department of Physics, Sevastopol State University

299053, Russia, g. G. Sevastopol', ul. Universitetskaya, 33

globinaliza@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.25136/2409-8736.2020.3.31599

Review date:

04-12-2019


Publish date:

02-10-2020


Abstract: The subject of this research is the process of teaching students to solve problems in the discipline of general physics on their own, as well as develop skills of future engineers to break up the solution of the problem into stages. The article is aimed ad generalization, elaboration and implementation of the basic problem-solving techniques higher school based on the preliminary compiled classification of problems in accordance with certain characteristics. The author develops educational and methodological support for the discipline of general physics as the means of training students to solve problems on their own. The following methods were applied in the course of this work: analysis of psychological, pedagogical and scientific-methodical literature; analysis of curricula, textbooks, problem books, guidebooks on natural science disciplines, modeling of class activity of the students; empirical methods of observation, conversation, survey. As a result, the author incorporates the existing problem-solving techniques into the system, based on which students are capable to go through all stages of solving the problem on their own, better understand the study material, and acquire essential skills for articulation of the problem. The examples are provided on step-by-step solution of different types of problems on the topic “Calculation of an electrical network”.


Keywords: common methods, problem solving methods, task classification, problem solving steps, physical task analysis, physical task, general physics course, higher school, electricity, electrical circuit
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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