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Genesis: Historical research

The definition of law and lawmaking in psychological concept of M. A. Reisner
Maximova Ol'ga Dmitrievna

Doctor of Law

Docent, the department of Theory and History of State and Law, Moscow University for the Humanities

111395, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Yunosti, 5
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After the October Revolution, Russian undergone substantial effort on creation of the theory of Soviet law. One of the concepts developed in the 1920’s was the theory of M. A. Reisner, who leaned on the psychological theory of law of Leon Petrażycki and Marxism. Las was viewed as the phenomenon of psyche, but of separate classes (i.e. peasantry or workers) rather than of a separate individual. At the initial state of development of the Soviet law, this concept allowed to a certain extent explain the drastic changes experienced by the national law. Although lawmaking was assessed as the activity severely influenced by the government, the lawmaking in the Soviet State was considered as an organizing activity. Analysis is conducted on the main writings of M. A. Reisner outlining the conceptual grounds of the doctrine. The legal categories, through which he elucidated the concept of law and lawmaking are determined. This theory associates the division of law into public and private with the dominance of private property. The perception of state and law as a seamless unity is subjected to criticism. The conclusion is made that law is an ideological form, while lawmaking is a form of expressing common law, which is achieved and established by the state as a result of class compromise.

Keywords: form of law, law and Marxism, Soviet law, legal ideology, psychological theory of law, lawmaking, law, intuitive law, positive law, common law
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