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Economic assessment of the impact of work environment on life expectancy of the employees

Goleva Ol'ga Ivanovna

PhD in Economics

 
Docent, the department of Banking, Finance and Stocks and Bonds Industry, Perm State National Research University; Senior Scientific Associate, Federal Scientific Center for Medical and Preventative Health Risk Management Technologies
 

614990, Russia, Permskii krai, g. Perm', ul. Bukireva, 15

OlgaGoleva@psu.ru
Shur Pavel Zalmanovich

Doctor of Medicine

Professor, Academic Secretary, Federal Scientific Center for Medical and Preventative Health Risk Management Technologies

614045, Russia, Permskii krai, g. Perm', ul. Monastyrskaya, 82

Shur@fcrisk.ru

DOI:

10.25136/2409-7802.2019.4.31393

Review date:

18-11-2019


Publish date:

26-11-2019


Abstract.

Assessment of the efficiency of health expenses requires an accurate cost estimate. Assessment of the results (effects), reflected in qualitative and natural indexes (health, life expectancy, quality of life) does not permit giving their cost estimate. The subject of this research is the economic assessment of losses from reduction in life expectancy due to harmful and hazardous work conditions. The goal of this work lies in formulation of methodological approaches towards economic assessment of the impact of work environment on life expectancy of the employees. The proposed in the article algorithm of economic assessments relies on accepted in the Russian Federation Methodology of Assessment of Economic Losses Caused by Mortality of the Population. Reduction in life expectancy due to harmful or hazardous work conditions was calculated as the difference in average life expectancy without harmful and hazardous work conditions or with them presents. The indexes mortality rate among men growth proportionally with the increase of length of their employment for subcategories of 3.1 and 3.2; maximal deviation from average life expectancy in the comparison category comprised 8.3 years less for subcategories 3.3 for men; the largest deviation from life expectancy among women is observed under the subcategory 3.1 (6.6 years less). Economic losses from reduction from shortening of life expectancy for men who worked in harmful conditions comprised 136.6 million RUB in GDP (for 98 people), while for women it comprised 20.8 million RUB in GDP (for 14 people).  

Keywords: unhealthy work, harmful exposure, working conditions, reduction in life expectancy, value for money, economic losees from mortality, economic evaluation, economic losees, efficacy evaluation, GDP losses
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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