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Political and legal mechanisms of correction of the majority decisions within constitutional history of modern Russia

Popova Svetlana Mikhailovna

PhD in Politics

Leading Scientific Associate, Institute of Socio-Political Research of Theoretical & Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119333, Russia, gorod federal'nogo znacheniya Moskva, g. Moscow, ul. Fotievoi, 6, of. 1

sv-2002-1@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 
Shakhray Sergey Mikhailovich

Doctor of Law

Professor, Prorector, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Head of the Center for Legal Support of Socio-Political Processes of the Institute of Socio-Political Research under the Russian Academy of Sciences

119992, Russia, Moscow, g. Moscow, Leninskie gory, 1, str. 13

s9895929@yandex.ru

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0706.2019.10.31198

Review date:

29-10-2019


Publish date:

07-11-2019


Abstract.

The subject of this research is the political and legal mechanism of realization of the ideas and model reflected in the new constitutions (including the Constitution of the Russian Federation of 1993), in the conditions of instability and absence of social cohesion. Special attention is dedicated to the so-called counter-majoritarian institutions, which can most effectively and legitimately “correct” the lawfully and democratically made majority decisions if they do not correspond with the interests of social development or violate rights and freedoms of the citizens. Based on retrospective analysis, it is demonstrated that in modern Russia, since the new Constitution came into force, the indicated functions are exercised by the Head of the State and the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. The conclusion is made that the constitutions establishing counter-majoritarian mechanisms, ensure stability and due development of the new statehood and legal system more reliably. These institutions, among other matters, also contribute to sustainability of the modern political systems, characterized with more profound segmentation, as well as support of the political inclusion of minorities.  

Keywords: Political stability, Constitutional law, Constitutional court, President, Counter-majoritarian difficulty, Counter-majoritarian institute, Political history, Constitutional history, Russian Constitution, Political development
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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