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On the problem of comparative analysis of polyvocality of the North Caucasus (based on the materials of Adygei and Karachay-Balkar traditions)

Vishnevskaya Liliya Alekseevna

Doctor of Art History

Professor, Department of Music Theory and Composition, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Saratov State Conservatoire named after L.V. Sobinov"

410003, Russia, Saratovskaya oblast', g. Saratov, ul. Sokolovaya, 155/163, of. 112

liliya-vishnevskaya@yandex.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-613X.2019.4.30524

Review date:

12-08-2019


Publish date:

14-09-2019


Abstract.

The research object is the North Caucasian polyvocality studied on the basis of the bourdon component of solo and group singing of various genres in the music culture of the Adygea, Karachays and Balkars. In the context of phonology, musical and verbal texts, bourdon serves as a supra-ethnic music dialect, which has determined the occurrence of the structural community of ethnic singing models in the North Caucasus region. At the same time, bourdon is a bright marker of an individual-ethnic interpretation of a common singing model. Thus, bourdon as ostinato prevails in the tradition of the Adygea; bourdon as a pedal - in the tradition of the Karachai and Balkar. The author uses the comparative research method. The North Caucasian bourdon is studied on the basis of a broader (compared to the encyclopaedia) interpretation of the term “bourdon” as the most ancient form of accompaniment in folk and temple polyvocality. The scientific novelty of the study consists in the fact that the North Caucasian polyvocality is for the first time being studied in the context of music traditions of different peoples and religious confessions. The author is the first to substantiate the ancient “age” of the North Caucasian polyvocality, which is the culture of a diffuse type, emerged as a result of historical correlation of its archaic autochthonous, East Asian and European roots, on the basis of bourdon. 
 

Keywords: pedal, ison, drone, Balkars, Karachays, Adyghes, vocal polyphony, North Caucasus, ostinato, diaphonia basilica
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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