PHILHARMONICA. International Music JournalReference:
The role of wind instruments in the music of D.S. Bortniansky, and the reflection of esthetics of the galant style
Abstract.The research subject is the usage of wind instruments in the scores of D.S. Bortniansky of the 1780s. The research object is the creative work of Bortniansky in the context of settlement of musical classicism in Russia and the interest in the galant style esthetics among the aristocratic circles. The authors consider the peculiarities of the galant style and the techniques of the composer’s orchestra scores. The authors analyze the instrumental composition of the scores and the manner of usage of each instrument of the wind group (in the scores under study, they are flutes, hoboys, clarinets, fagotts and French horns). The authors use the historical method revealing esthetic and style peculiarities of the epoch under study; the analytical method helping to study the role and the character of usage of wind instruments by the composer; the music-theoretical method connected with the issues of instrumentation. The research conclusions are: 1) creating the compositions of the galant style, the composer marks lyric and expressive characteristics of timbres of wind instruments, while their technical characteristics are irrelevant for Bortniansky; 2) wind instruments come to the fore in the moments of performing the affects of grief, sadness and contemplation, which corresponds with the topos of gallantry and pastorale; 3) referring to the pair composition of a symphonic orchestra, Bortniansky strives to differentiate its composition breaking the speech into ensemble groups thus individualising the music fabric.
Keywords: instrumentation, score, opera, brass, gallant style, musical classicism, composer Bortnyansky, Russian music, eighteenth century, pastoral
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