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Daniel Kharms and Lao Tzu about the Aesthetical Perception of the World
Shen' Yan

post-graduate student of the Department of the Newest Russian Literature and Modern Literary Process, Philological Faculty at Lomonosov Moscow State University

119991, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskie Gory, 1-i uchebnyi korpus gumanitarnykh fakul'tetov


The subject of the research is the comparison of some leading features of Daniel Kharms' picture of the world to the images and ideas of Taoism, in particular, the idea of the 'perfect present' (item that can be the object of aesthetical pleasure) as being independent and practically senseless; the idea of plasticity or 'fluidity' of reason; the idea of aesthetical perception of the world as the denial of the borders between one's Self and the surrounding world. The author of the article also touches upon such issues as the evolution of Kharms' concepts whose late period of creativity gave a tragic emotional tone to the aforesaid ideas and images. The main target of critical analysis is the fictional prose, poems and articles written by Kharms as well as the ancient Chinese treatise Zhuang Zhou. The main research methods used by the author are the hermeneutical and comparative analysis. The article is of interdisciplinary nature: the author analyzes and compares literary and philosophical texts as well as texts of uncertain genre (ancient Chinese treatises). The author summarizes, clarifies and completes opinions of philologists and philosophy historians regarding the 'Taoism' in Kharms' aesthetics and offers his own comparisons. This particular research demonstrates not only similarity of some very important ideas of Kharms and Taoism but also crucial differences in the emotional coloring of these ideas in ancient Western philosophy and artwork of the Europeans of the XXth century. 

Keywords: Immanuel Kant, image of water, OBERIU, Lao Tzu, Chinese culture, Taoism, Leonid Lipavsky, Daniel Kharms, the aesthetic, Eastern culture reception



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