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Politics and Society

Everything is good so far. But most important is the landing. The French law on secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools turns 15 years
Osipov Evgeny Aleksandrovich

PhD in History

Senior Scientific Associate, State Academic University of Humanitarian Sciences, Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences

119049, Russia, Moscow, Maronovsky Pereulok 26





In March 2004, the law prohibiting wearing of conspicuous religious symbols in public schools was adopted in France. Today, it may be said that the law aimed at protection of the principles f secularity in secondary education turned schools into “islands of the Republic”, worsening the identity crisis in areas of concern of the Fifth Republic.  The article analyzes the causes that propelled the French Parliament to adopt the law of 2004, as well as the legal and ethno-confessional aspects of its text that are the center of public discussion throughout the past 15 years. This work was written on the basis of the contemporary French historiography, reports of the government and civic organizations, materials of the French national press. The relevance of the selected topic lies in the fact that the experience of France, which first experienced the identity crises in schools, with escalation of religious radicalism among the school students, as well as contestation of school curriculum of various subjects due to the religious beliefs of children and their parents, is quite valuable for other countries, including Russia.

Keywords: Conflict, Fifth Republic, Multiculturalism, Identity, Islam, Religion, School, France, Migrants, Integration



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