Socio-demographic problems as a development factor of a modern Russian rural community
Abstract.This research is dedicated to the topic of socio-demographic problems as a development factor of modern rural territories in Russia. The goal of this work is the assessment of reasons and prospects of the current development of destructive socio-demographic processes in the Russian rural community. Methodology is structured on combination of the secondary processing of sociological data, descriptive analysis and case study. The empirical foundation contains the results of nationwide mass surveys, verified by the major Russian sociological agencies. The author believes that the key socio-demographic problems of the Russian rural territories are substantiated by not only the influence of macroeconomic factor, but also the “revolution of expectations” that took place in people’s consciousness. The latter represents a byproduct of the promoted by modern society model of conspicuous consumption. The impact of this factor, supposedly, noticeably enhances the development of communication technologies. The development of crisis trends forms certain concerns regarding the prospect of settlement, determined by outflow of population. Thus, the migration from the rural areas that “die away” attains the signs of self-supporting process. The potential for recovery of rural settlements, affected by the destructive processes, is inversely proportional to the length of depressive period. With a course of time, the destructive occurrences only worsen; therefore, it is reasonable to curtail them namely at the early stages of development. In order to stabilize the situation, the government needs to drastically change the model of spatial and regional development, including the refusal from focusing on the further development of large agglomerations. The programs of deindustrialization of the economy and moderate protectionism with regards to agricultural producers (as well as any projects aimed at creation of added value in the agricultural sector) should contribute to the revival of rural territories.
Keywords: agricultural producers, agriculture, internal migration, rural development, socio-demographic processes, country, village, regional development, Russia, village sociology
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