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The beginnings of lyrics in the works of I.Ya. Panitsky

Zvezdakova Natalia Nikolaevna

teacher of the Department of Theoretical Disciplines at Central Children's Music School of Saratov

410000, Russia, Saratov, str. Shevchenko, 26

natalistern10@rambler.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-613X.2018.4.28776

Review date:

25-01-2019


Publish date:

25-02-2019


Abstract.

The essay is devoted to the Merited Artist of the RSFSR Ivan Yakovlevich Panitsky (1906-1990), an outstanding virtuoso of bayan, teacher and composer. Panitsky, a vision impaired original musician from the Volgian village Balakovo, was destined to pave the way for Russian bayan to the academic scene, significantly enrich the concert repertoire of professional bayanists. The author of the article traces back the beginnings of professional and spiritual and creative formation of I. Panitsky and reveals the spirituality and poetry of his character which defined the main direction of the musician’s work - the field of instrumental lyrics. The author gives special attention to music events devoted to the famous countryman initiated by the department of folk instruments of Saratov State Conservatory named after L.V. Sobinov. The author uses the historical method to study the musician’s biography and the method of musical analysis of the piece. The author studies Panitsky’s waltzes “Remembrance” and “Dead roses” as the examples of bayan lyrics. The paper describes the typical ways of work with music material revealing the main lyric idea of the piece: its improvisatory character, polyphony of the manner, variations, and the diversity of timbre colours of a bayan. The novelty of the study consists in the combination of the narration of historical and biographical material with the unprecedented analysis of Panitsky’s works in the waltz genre. The author concludes that Panitsky’s background is inseparable from the region of his birth. The strong spiritual bond with his small motherland, its history and traditions, defined the bright individuality and recognizability of the works of the famous bayanist, one of the remarkable representatives of bayan lyrics in the Russian instrumental music of the 20th century.  

Keywords: bayannya lyrics, cradle, teaching staff, Saratov State Conservatory, childhood years, Volga river, Russian festival, folk instrumental art, waltzes of Panitsky, Panitsky
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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