Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 2065,   Articles in work: 293 Declined articles: 786 

Back to contents

Genesis: Historical research

Ingen Ryuki (1592-1673) and his role in the history of Japanese culture of the Edo period (1603-1868)
Lugavtsova Alena Petrovna

Post-graduate student, the department of Philosophy, Culturology and Religious Studies, Institute for Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

670047, Russia, respublika Buryatiya, g. Ulan-Ude, ul. Sakh'yanovoi, 6





The Edo period (1603-1868) holds a special place in the history of Japan. Despite the fact that since 1641, the Tokugawa Shogunate isolated Japan from the outside world, this period is known for significant transformation in various levels of social life. This article is dedicated to the changes in the religious and cultural spheres of the country during the Edo period based on the example of origination of the Obaku School, new movement of Japanese Buddhism founded by the migrants from China. Particular attention is given to the creative path and biography of Ingen Ryuki (1592-1673) as the founder of the school, who familiarized Japan with the cultural achievement of Ming China. The scientific novelty is defined by the absence of special works dedicated to the Obaku School and its founder in the national Japanese Studies. Therefore, the author focused on the writings of English and Japanese authors. Based on the example of separate aspects of Japanese cultural life, such as calligraphy, the author reviews the magnitude of cultural impact of Ingen Ryuki and his followers. The main conclusion lies in the statement that despite Japan’s isolation and conservative policy of the shohunate, the new cultural ideal borrowed from China and passed on through the monks-emigrants has entwined in the culture of Edo period. The emergence of “Chinese styles” in calligraphy and painting are the vivid illustration of the power of creative heritage of the Obaku teaching, as well as the talent and charisma of its founder.

Keywords: the Tokugawa shogunate, calligraphy, Ingen Ryuki, Ōbaku, Japanese culture, the Edo period, Japan, the Ming dynasty, Buddhism, Zen



Article was received:


Review date:


Publish date:


This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Buddizm v Yaponii / [A. N. Ignatovich, A. N. Meshcheryakov, A. G. Fesyun i dr.; Otv. red. T. P. Grigor'eva]; Ros. AN, In-t vostokovedeniya. M. : Nauka : Izd. firma Vost. lit., 1993. 701 s.
Goreglyad, V.N. Klassicheskaya kul'tura Yaponii. Ocherki / V.N. Goreglyad SPB. : Peterburgskoe Vostokovedenie, 2006. 356 s.
Grisheleva, L.D. Formirovanie yaponskoi natsional'noi kul'tury (konets XVI nachalo XX veka) / L.D. Grisheleva. M.: Nauka. Glavnaya redaktsiya vostochnoi literatury, 1986. 286 s.
Nakorchevskii, A.A. Sinto / A. A. Nakorchevskii. 2. izd. SPb. : Azbuka-klassika : Peterb. vostokovedenie, 2003 (GUP Chekhov. poligr. komb.). 443 s.
Addiss, S., Wong K. S., Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art, New Orleans Museum of Art / Obaku: Zen Painting and Calligraphy. Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art, 1978. 80 p.
Baroni, H. J. / Obaku Zen: The Emergence of the Third Sect of Zen in Tokugawa, Japan University of Hawaii Press, 2000. ISBN: 0824822439, 9780824822439. 280 p.
De Bary, Wm. T., Gluck, C., Keene, D. / Sources of Japanese Tradition: Volume 2, 1600 to 2000. Columbia University Press, 2005. ISBN: 023112984X, 9780231129848. 1448 p.
Dougill, J., Kawakami, T. / Zen Gardens and Temples of Kyoto: A Guide to Kyoto's Most Important Sites Tuttle Publishing, 2017. ISBN: 480531401X, 9784805314012. 144 p.
Jansen, M. B. / China in the Tokugawa World. Harvard University Press, 1992. ISBN: 0674117530, 9780674117532. 137 p.
Japanese Buddhism / Part I. A brief history of Buddhism in Japan: 7. The Edo period [Yaponskii buddizm / Chast' 1. Kratkaya istoriya buddizma v Yaponii: 7. Period Edo]. URL: http://www.buddhanet.net/nippon/nippon_partI.html (data obrashcheniya: 15.10.2018)
Marceau, L. E., Takebe, A. / Takebe Ayatari: A Bunjin Bohemian in Early Modern Japan. Ann Arbor: Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan, 2004. ISBN: 1929280041, 9781929280049. 370 p.
Murase, M., Barnet, S., Cencetti, G. / The Written Image: Japanese Calligraphy and Painting from the Sylvan Barnet and William Burto Collection. Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2002. ISBN: 1588390683, 9781588390684. 200 p.
Wu, J. / Leaving for the Rising Sun: Chinese Zen Master Yinyuan and the Authenticity Crisis in Early Modern East Asia. Oxford University Press, 2014. ISBN: 0199393133, 9780199393138. 355 p.
黄檗宗とは / 黄檗山萬福寺 [O shkole O:baku / Khram Mampukudzi na gore O:baku]. URL: http://www.obakusan.or.jp/oubaku.html (data obrashcheniya: 15.05.2018)
池田文化と大坂 / 隠元来日と黄檗文化伝来 [Kul'tura Ikeda i Osaka / Pribytie Ingena v Yaponiyu i kul'tura O:baku]. URL: http://www.city.ikeda.osaka.jp/kanko/rekishi/rekishiminzokukan/mokuroku/asadahan/1418003703669.html (data obrashcheniya: 15.10.2018)