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What's wrong with national identity? A comparative analysis of Russian and French discourse

Filippova Elena

Doctor of History

chief research associate, Institute for Ethnology and anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

124482, Russia, g. Moscow, ul. Leninskii Prospekt, 32-a, kab. 1817

elena_filippova89@yahoo.fr

DOI:

10.7256/2454-0617.2018.3.27579

Review date:

03-10-2018


Publish date:

21-10-2018


Abstract: The subject of this research is the discourse of national identity in Russia and in France. The author examines several aspects of the issue, such as the context of the transition of national identity into the central topic of public debate in both countries (in the 1970s in France, at the turn of the XX and XXI centuries in Russia), as well as the main concepts that constitute the core of the subject of the debate, and specifics of the language used in debates. Special attention is paid to the official discourse - statements and program articles of the leaders of the state. The research methodology is based on social constructivism, the research method is based on comparative analysis of the discourse. This method allowed the author to reveal the dynamics in the content of views on national identity, and to determine the similarities and differences of discourse in both countries. Contrary to the widespread idea of the criterion difference between the French (civil, political) and Russian (cultural and ethnic) understanding of the nation, the study revealed many common threads in the discourse of both countries: the idea of greatness, sovereignty, cultural wealth, glorious past, and the special role of language - and the assertion of the need to protect all this, including by force of arms, in the face of globalization, American political and cultural domination, law quality of the mass-appeal culture, as well as the threats of international terrorism.    


Keywords: “multiethnicity”, citizenship, culture, national identity, nation-state, nation, France, Russia, multiculturalism, discourse
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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