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PHILHARMONICA. International Music Journal

At the Origins of the Circassian Composer School

Vishnevskaya Liliya Alekseevna

Doctor of Art History

Professor, Department of Music Theory and Composition, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Saratov State Conservatoire named after L.V. Sobinov"

410003, Russia, Saratovskaya oblast', g. Saratov, ul. Sokolovaya, 155/163, of. 112

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The subject of this article is the life and creative activity of Aslan Alievich Daurov, a founder of the Circassian Composer School. This name has become a legend for the whole North Caucasus and beyond. The composer accumulated the power and strength of the artistic talent of the Circassian people, as well as their craving for creativity in his music, literary, theoretical and educational works. The titanic activity of the composer reveals features of a personality of historical importance comparable to the largest Circassian enlighteners of the XIX and XX centuries. The article explores the composer's style in the context of the features of traditional North Caucasian and academic European musical cultures. Their intersection identifies the genre, performance, compositional and dramaturgical specifics of music by Aslan Daurov. For the first time the creative work of Aslan Daurov is exposed to scientific reflection. On the basis of the research the author comes to the following conclusions. Song and dance are a genre and thematic platform for the composer's works. They are explored at the level of artistic discovery of Caucasian folk music which can act as a thematic "grain" for academic works. The composer-academician creates his anthology of history and musical culture of the Caucasian peoples using the "signs" of the folk model, but not repeating it. In other words, folklore becomes the only authentic and always contemporary "text of culture" for the composer.

Keywords: cycle, song, Aslan Daurov, academic music, caucasian music, Circassian school of composers, suite, processing, intimacy, pereimenovaniya
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

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Muzykal'naya entsiklopediya v shesti tomakh. Tom 6. M.: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya, 1982. S. 741.