PHILHARMONICA. International Music JournalReference:
Was there a Manuel Garcia's Mistake? An Attempt to Dispel the Myth about the Main Secret of the Garcia School
Abstract.This article explores the pedagogical activity of Manuel Patricio Rodríguez García, analyses and substantiates the difference between the versions of edition of the work "The Complete Treatise on the Art of Singing" of 1840-1847 and 1856, which has raised questions among singers and vocal pedagogues over a long period of time. Despite the fact that the work "The Complete Treatise on the Art of Singing" has been repeatedly published in Russian, the disputes about its principles continue unabated up to now even in the media. The theoretical and methodological basis of this study is as follows: analysis of musical and pedagogical problems, cultural and historical analysis, comparative analysis. This article clarifies the author's recommendation on the use of various types of breathing stated in the treatise of 1840-1847 and 1856. In the middle of the XIX century vocal pedagogy developed in accordance with the performance practice of the era of Romanticism and new aesthetic intentions, that's why Manuel Garcia Junior, the author of the treatise, improved his treatise and recommended singers to use chest-diaphragmatic breathing instead of small (clavicular) one.
Keywords: Manuel Garcia Junior , aesthetic standards, clavicular breathing, Manuel Garcia Senior, chest-diaphragmatic breathing, the era of romanticism, treatise by Garcia, vocal pedagogy , Garcia school, theoretical work
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