Читать статью 'Национальная политика Индии в области здравоохранения от начала обретения независимости в 1947 году и по настоящее время' в журнале Вопросы здравоохранения на сайте nbpublish.com
Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1697,   Articles in work: 298 Declined articles: 360 
Library
Your profile

Back to contents

Healthcare
Reference:

India's National Health Policy from the Onset of Independence in 1947 to the Present Day

Dikikh Alina Aleksandrovna

PhD in Politics

Lecturer at Kirov Military Medical Academy 

194044, Russia, Saint Petersburg, ul. Akademika Lebedeva, 6

alinadic86@mail.ru
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2453-8914.2018.1.24208

Review date:

17-09-2017


Publish date:

30-08-2018


Abstract: The object of this research is the health care system in India, and the subject is the development patterns of the features and the formation of its since independence in 1947 to the present day. The process of forming the Health Planning Commission, its purpose, the development of five-year plans and the place in these plans for the health and family welfare. Five-year plans are explored by blocks from the first five year plan (1951-1956) to the fifth five year plan (1974-1979), then from the sixth plan (1980-1985) to the eleventh plan (2007-2012). The twelve-year plan (2012-2017) is explored separately. This article reseach the features of the three national health policies of 1983, 2002 and 2017. This article analized of the three national health policy projects of 1983, 2002 and 2017. Differences in the economic situation between states and union territories led to the creation of the following projects, the main provisions of which are explored in this work: National Rural Health Mission (2005-2012), National Health Urban Mission (May 2013), and strategy - National Health Mission (2012-2017), combining projects in the field of health in urban and rural. The present study aimed at conducting a comparative analysis of access to servicies health in rural and urban. In the investigation is the projected population data of growth in the urban set out in the 2030 and the 2045. There is considered of changes in infant mortality in India during the twelve five-year plans. The research methodology is based on the structural-functional, system analysis, comparative, historical, statistical, induction, deduction, synthesis. On the results of research, the authors were able to draw conclusions about improved quality of health services for low-income segments of the population. However, infant mortality in the country is still at a high level.


Keywords: medical services, medical care, rural areas, five-year plans, Planning Commission, national policy, Ministry of Health, health care system, health care, population
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
About the Ministry [electronic resource] // Government of India. Ministry of health & family welfare. URL: http://www.mohfw.nic.in/about-us/about-the-ministry (accessed: 12.09.2017).
2.
Country Comparison to the World. Infant Mortality rate (deaths /1,000 live births) // Central intelligence agency. URL: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2091.html (accessed: 16.09.2017).
3.
Five year plans [electronic resource] // Planning commission. Government of India. URL: http://planningcommission.gov.in/plans/planrel/index.php?state=planbody.htm (accessed: 13.09.2017).
4.
Gupta I. The Indian Health Care System [electronic resource] / I. Gupta, Bhatia M. // International Health Care System Profiles. India. URL: http://international.commonwealthfund.org/countries/india/ (accessed: 14.09.2017).
5.
Health statistics [electronic resource] // National Health mission. Department of health & family welfare, Govt. of U.P. URL: http://upnrhm.gov.in/site-files/Major_Health_Profile-_UP_Updated__May_2017 (accessed: 15.09.2017).
6.
Healthcare system in India. Private and Public [electronic resource] // International student insurance. URL: https://www.internationalstudentinsurance.com/india-student-insurance/healthcare-system-in-india.php (accessed: 14.09.2017).
7.
India-Mortality rate. Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births) // indexmundi [Site]. URL: http://www.indexmundi.com/facts/india/mortality-rate (accessed: 16.09.2017).
8.
India population [electronic resource] // Worldometers [Site]. http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/india-population/ (accessed: 15.09.2017).
9.
Joby A. Why India is one of the best medical tourism destination in the world? / A. Joby // Quora [Site]. URL: https://www.quora.com/Why-India-is-one-of-the-best-medical-tourism-destination-in-the-world (accessed: 15.09.2017).
10.
Kumar A. Towards a Healthier India [electronic resource] / A. Kumar / 65 years of independence // YOJANA August 2012. P.34-8. URL: http://www.insightsonindia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/towards-a-healthier-india.pdf (accessed: 13.09.2017).
11.
National Health Policy 1983 [electronic resource] // Government of India. Ministry of health & Family welfare. New deli. 1983. URL: https://www.nhp.gov.in/sites/default/files/pdf/nhp_1983.pdf (accessed: 11.09.2017).
12.
National Health Policy 2017 [electronic resource] // Government of India. Ministry of health & Family welfare. New deli. 2017. URL: https://www.nhp.gov.in//NHPfiles/national_health_policy_2017.pdf (accessed: 11.09.2017).
13.
National Health Mission 2012-2017 [electronic resource] // Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Government of India. URL: http://www.nhm.gov.in/images/pdf/NHM/NHM_Framework_for_Implementation__08-01-2014_.pdf (accessed: 14.09.2017).
14.
National Health Mission: Affordable Healthcare in Cities and Villages [electronic resource] // MapsofIndia [Site]. January 17, 2015 URL: https://www.mapsofindia.com/government-of-india/national-health-mission.html (accessed: 14.09.2017).
15.
National Health Policy 2015. Draft. Placed in Public Domain for Comments, Suggestions, Feedback // Ministry of Health & Family Welfare December, 2014. URL: http://www.thehinducentre.com/multimedia/archive/02263/Draft_National_Hea_2263179a.pdf (accessed: 15.09.2017).
16.
National Health Urban Mission [electronic resource] // Government of India. Ministry of health & family welfare. May 2013. URL: http://www.nhm.gov.in/images/pdf/NUHM/Implementation_Framework_NUHM.pdf (accessed: 14.09.2017).
17.
National Rural Health Mission (2005-2012). Mission Document [electronic resource] // National Health mission. Department of health & family welfare, Govt. of U.P. URL: http://upnrhm.gov.in/site-files/Mission-Document.pdf (accessed: 14.09.2017).
18.
Noronha R. Little tragedies [electronic resource] / R. Noronha // indiatoday.intoday.in [Site]. August 10, 2016. URL: http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/little-tragedies-madhya-pradesh-infant-mortality-rate-national-rural-health-mission-anganwadi/1/737409.html (accessed: 15.09.2017).
19.
Part 1. Rural health care system in India /Rural health statistics 2016 // Health Management Information System. URL: https://nrhm-mis.nic.in/RURAL%20HEALTH%20STATISTICS/(A)RHS%20-%202016/Rural%20Health%20Care%20System%20in%20India.pdf (accessed: 16.09.2017).
20.
Patel V. Chronic diseases and injuries in India / V. Patel, S. Chatterji, D. Chisholm, S. Ebrahim, G. Gopalakrishna, C. Mathers, V. Mohan, D. Prabhakaran, R.D Ravindran, K.S. Reddy // India: Towards Universal Health Coverage 3. Vol 377. January 12, 2011. P.413-428. URL: http://www.who.int/choice/publications/Chronic_diseaseIndia.pdf (accessed: 15.09.2017).
21.
Planning commission. Government of India. History. [electronic resource]. URL: http://planningcommission.gov.in/aboutus/history/index.php?about=aboutbdy.htm (accessed: 13.09.2017).
22.
Planning commission. Government of India. Health, Nutrition and Family Welfare [electronic resource]. URL: http://planningcommission.gov.in/sectors/health.php?sectors=hea (accessed: 13.09.2017).
23.
Top Ten Best Pharmaceutical Companies in India 2017 / Health // Worldblaze [Site]. URL: http://www.worldblaze.in/top-10-largest-medical-companies-in-india/ (accessed: 15.09.2017).
24.
Twelfth Five Year Plan 2012-17 [electronic resource] // Planning commission. Government of India. [electronic resource]. URL: http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/welcome.html (accessed: 13.09.2017)