Читать статью 'Планетарий чудес: Магия в гостях у физики' в журнале Психолог на сайте nbpublish.com
Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1868,   Articles in work: 383 Declined articles: 401 
Library

Back to contents

Psychologist
Reference:

Planetarium of Miracles: Magic On a Visit to Metaphysics

Subbotsky Eugene

Doctor of Psychology

Professor, the department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Great Britain

CR0 2GG, Velikobritaniya, London oblast', g. Croydon, ul. Saffron Square, 11

subbotsky@me.com
Другие публикации этого автора
 

 

DOI:

10.7256/2306-0425.2014.3.12286

Review date:

11-08-2014


Publish date:

25-08-2014


Abstract: In article the psychological phenomenon of penetration of structures of magic thinking, such as "partitsipation" and "a direct embodiment of thought in life", in the concept of modern physics and cosmology is considered. Psychological researches show that modern educated adults, at the level of subconsciousness, continue to trust in supernatural, and between magic and scientific thinking there is a deep communication. The magic thinking which is carrying out in unconscious in the form of symbols, is the generator of "creative combinations", and the scientific, conscious thinking selects from these combinations what correspond to objective reality. Criteria of such selection are experiment and a vpisyvayemost of combinations in the general context of available knowledge. In process of withdrawal from a macrocosm in micro and the megaworlds, criterion of empirical check which carried out earlier function of selection of the "correct" combinations from "creative garbage", disappears. There is only a criterion "to a vpisyvayemost in the general context of knowledge", and this criterion is much softer, than criterion of experimental check. As a result of such "softening" of borders between magic and scientific thinking, the unconscious belief in the supernatural gets into theories of modern physics. Novelty: (1) For the first time some concepts of modern physics and cosmology are considered in a context of the last researches of magic thinking in psychology; (2) The analysis of a psychological community between magic and scientific thinking which, under certain conditions, leads to penetration of designs of magic thinking into scientific theories is new also. Conclusions: (1) Some latest theories of physics of elementary particles and cosmology include concepts (for example, "dependence of the nature of elementary structures of a matter on nature of supervision", "confusion" or "the anthropic principle") which are related to concepts of magic thinking (such as "a direct embodiment of thought in reality" and "partitsipation"); (2) Between magic and scientific thinking there is a fundamental relationship. The magic thinking which is carrying out in symbols, delivers a stream of creative combinations of ideas, and scientific, carrying out in concepts, selects from this stream of combinations what realities correspond. Criteria of such selection are experiment and a vpisyvayemost of "a combination of ideas" in the general context of available knowledge; (3) At invasion of modern physics in the field of reality in which experiment is impossible (such as "the theory of all" or "a Universe origin"), selection of "acceptable" combinations from a stream of the ideas delivered by magic thinking, becomes less strict; (4) Thanks to this facilitated access to official science, the belief of the modern person in supernatural, hitherto stored in hiding places unconscious, gets into physical theories about the origin and structure of the Universe.


Keywords: magical thinking, scientific thinking, quantum nonlocality, Copenhagen interpretation, consciousness and unconsciousness, supernaturalism, anthropic principle, participation, parallel universes, physics and psychology
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

References
1.
Kaku, M. (2008) Physics of the impossible. A Scientific exploration into the world of phasers, force fields, teleportation, and time travel. New York: Doubleday. (sm. russkii perevod Kaku M. Fizika nevozmozhnogo. Moskva: Dinastiya, 2012)
2.
Clarke, A.C. (1962). Hazards of prophecy: The failure of imagination. In Arthur C.Clarke «Profiles of the future: An enquiry into the limits of the possible». A collection of works. New York: Harper & Row.
3.
Nemeroff C., Rozin P. (2000). The making of the magical mind: The nature and function of sympathetic magical thinking. In Rosengren K. S., Johnson C. N., Harris P. L. (Eds.), Imagining the impossible: Magical, scientific and religious thinking in children (pp. 1-34). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
4.
Subbotsky E. (2011). The ghost in the machine: Why and how the belief in magic survives in the rational mind. Human Development, 54, 126-143.
5.
Subbotsky, E. (2005). The permanence of mental objects: Testing magical thinking on perceived and imaginary realities. Developmental Psychology, 41, 301–318.
6.
Subbotsky, E. (2007) Children’s and adults’ reactions to magical and ordinary suggestion: Are suggestibility and magical thinking psychologically close relatives? British Journal of Psychology, 98, 547–574.
7.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printsip_otnositel'nosti
8.
http://newfiz.narod.ru/rel-opus.htm
9.
http://www.ekkehard-friebe.de/95yearsrelativity.pdf
10.
Baggott, J. (2013). Farewell to Reality. How farytale physics betrays the search for scientific truth. London: Constable.
11.
Horgan, J. (1997). The end of science: Facing the limits of knowledge in the twighlight of the scientific age. London: Little, Brown & Co.
12.
Isaakson, W. (2007). Einstein: His life and universe. New York: Simon & Shuster.
13.
Stent, G. (1969). The coming of the Golden Age. N.Y.: Natural History Press.
14.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Bang
15.
Everett H. (1957). Relative State Formulation of Quantum Mechanics. Reviews of Modern Physics, 29, 454–462.
16.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copenhagen_interpretation
17.
DeWitt, B.S., Graham, R.N. (Eds)(1973). The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, Princeton Series in Physics. Contains Everett's thesis: The Theory of the Universal Wave Function, 3–140.
18.
Green, B. (2011). The hidden reality: Parallel universes and the deep laws of the cosmos. London: Allen Lane.
19.
Tegmark, M. (1997). The interpretation of quantum mechanics: Many worlds or many words? http://arxiv.org/pdf/quant-ph/9709032v1.pdf
20.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_theory.
21.
Woit, P. (2007). Not even wrong: The failure of string theory and the continuing challenge to unify the laws of physics. London: Vintage.
22.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M-theory
23.
Wilson, C. (1971). The occult. A history. London: Random House.
24.
Whitley, D.S. (2008). Cave paintings and the human spirit. The origin of creativity and belief. New York: Prometheus Books.
25.
Leroi-Gourhan, A. (1968). The art of prehistoric man in Western Europe. London: Thames & Hudson.
26.
Mithen, S. (2005). The prehistory of the mind. A search for the origins of art, religion and science. London: Thames & Hudson.
27.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkhimiya
28.
Freid Z. Ya i Ono. http://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Psihol/freyd/ya_ono.php
29.
Mamardashvili, M., Pyatigorskii, A. (2009). Simvol i soznanie: Metafizicheskie rassuzhdeniya o soznanii, simvolike i yazyke. M. Progress-Traditsiya.
30.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ouroboros
31.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maxwell%27s_demon
32.
Berne, J. & Radunsky, V. (2013). On a beam of light: A story of Albert Einstein. New York: Chrinicles Books.
33.
http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein
34.
Lévy-Bruhl, Lucien. The Primitive Mentality (English translation). Paris: Alcan, 1923.
35.
Einstein A., Podolsky B., Rosen N. (1935). Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete? Physical Review, 47, 777.
36.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_entanglement
37.
Eberhard, P. H. & Ross, R. R. (1989).Quantum field theory cannot provide faster-than-light communication. Foundations of Physics Letters, 2, 127–149.
38.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-slit_experiment
39.
Donati, O, Missiroli, G F, Pozzi, G (1973). An Experiment on Electron Interference. American Journal of Physics, 41, 639–644.
40.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_eraser_experiment
41.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delayed_choice_quantum_eraser
42.
Davies, P. (2006). The Goldilocks enigma: Why is the universe just right for life? London: Allen Lane.
43.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropic_principle
44.
Barrow, J. & Tipler, F. (1986). The anthropic cosmological principle. New York: Oxford University Press.
45.
Susskind, L. (2006). The cosmic landscape: String theory and the illusion of intelligent design. New York: Little, Brown and Co.
46.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discworld