Читать статью 'Россия в наколдованном сне' в журнале Психолог на сайте nbpublish.com
Рус Eng During last 365 days Approved articles: 1868,   Articles in work: 383 Declined articles: 401 

Back to contents


Russia in the Bewitched Dream

Subbotsky Eugene

Doctor of Psychology

Professor, the department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Great Britain

CR0 2GG, Velikobritaniya, London oblast', g. Croydon, ul. Saffron Square, 11

Другие публикации этого автора




Review date:


Publish date:


Abstract: In article the concept of the social and psychological mechanism "submission based on belief in supernatural" (POVS), in relation to mentality of three ethnic groups is entered and analyzed: Russia, Mexico and Great Britain. As the main object of the analysis the social and psychological change in development of the Russian society, occurred during an era of reorganization of the beginning of the 1990th years is chosen. The hypothesis according to which rather peace and painless character of this change which has caused cardinal demographic, social and economic problems, is explained by the centralized impact of power structures on the POVS mechanism of the Russian society is made. Strengthening of subconscious belief in supernatural in the mass of the Russian population which, in turn, prepared the population for peace acceptance of the social and economic reforms contradicting interests of the majority of the people (in particular, to alienation of public property and assignment of this property by power structures) was result of such influence. Pilot studies of the author are the basis for the analysis and his colleagues, carried out in Russia and abroad for the last 30 years, and published in the central Russian and foreign scientific magazines. Novelty: The POVS psychological mechanism is allocated and analyzed for the first time. Use of this mechanism to the comparative analysis of ethnic mentalities of Mexico, Russia and Great Britain is new also. Different options of impact on the POVS mechanism are for the first time analyzed, able to lead to release of the population of Russia from excessive influence of subconscious belief in supernatural and, as a result of such release, to strengthening of social creativity of people, independence in decision-making, and feelings of a personal responsibility for the events in the country.Conclusions: (1) POVS mechanism change in Russia towards reduction of its influence by mentality can be only result of set of efforts at all levels, including overcoming of broad widespread fear before magic and magic thinking; (2) the knowledge of existence of subconscious belief in supernatural, about POVS structure, about possibility of manipulation with a tendency to POVS is necessary for understanding of important psychological aspect of transformations occurring in Russia.

Keywords: Russia, Supernaturalism, Submission to the authority, magical thinking, persuasion mechanisms, suggestibility, uncondiciousness, demographic crisis, rebellion of population, mental energy
This article written in Russian. You can find full text of article in Russian here .

Naselenie Rossii. Vikipediya http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/
VOZ: Prodolzhitel'nost' zhizni rossiiskikh muzhchin samaya korotkaya 13 marta 2013, 22:59 [ «AN-online» ]http://argumenti.ru/society/2013/03/239412
Poslanie Prezidenta Rossii Vladimira Putina Federal'nomu Sobragiyu RF: 2000 god” INTERLOS http://www.intelros.ru/2007/01/17/poslanie_prezidenta_rossii_vladimira_putina_federalnomu_sobraniju_rf_2000_god.html
Kriminologiya: Uchebnik dlya vuzov / Pod obshch. red. A. I. Dolgovoi. M., 2001. S. 170
The Economist. Mar 3rd 2012. http://www.economist.com/node/21548941
United Nations Development Programme, Hunan Development Index Trends https://data.undp.org/dataset/Table-2-Human-Development-Index-trends/efc4-gjvq
Beloborodov I. I.Demograficheskaya situatsiya v Rossii v 1992—2010 gg. Dva desyatiletiya depopulyatsii //http://demographia.ru/articles_N/index.html?idR=21&idArt=1926
Kara-Murza, S. G. (2007). Vlast' manipulyatsii. Moskva: Akademicheskii proekt.
Ingold, T. (1992). Comment on “Beyond the original affluent society” by N.Bird-David. Current Anthropology, 33, 34-47.
Mithen, S. (2005). The prehistory of the mind. A search for the origins of art, religion and science. London: Thames & Hudson.
Whitley, D.S. (2008). Cave paintings and the human spirit. The orogin of creativity and belief. New York: Prometheus Books.
Lévy-Brühl, L. (1985). How natives think. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. (Original work published 1926.)
Boyer P. (1994). The naturalness of religious ideas: A cognitive theory of religion. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Nemeroff C., Rozin P. (2000). The making of the magical mind: The nature and function of sympathetic magical thinking. In Rosengren K. S., Johnson C. N., Harris P. L. (Eds.), Imagining the impossible: Magical, scientific and religious thinking in children (pp. 1-34). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Subbotskii, E.V. (2010). Vyzhivanie v mire mashin: Vzglyad psikhologa na prichiny very v sverkh''estestvennoe. Natsional'nyi Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal, 1, 42-47.
Subbotsky E. (2014). The belief in magic in the age of science. Sage Open, http://sgo.sagepub.com/content/4/1/2158244014521433.full.print
Subbotsky E. (2004). Magical thinking in judgments of causation: Can anomalous phenomena affect ontological causal beliefs in children and adults? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 22, 123-152.
Subbotsky E. (2007). Children’s and adults’ reactions to magical and ordinary suggestion: Are suggestibility and magical thinking psychologically close relatives? British Journal of Psychology, 98, 547-574.
Subbotsky E. (2009). Can magical intervention affect subjective experiences? Adults’ reactions to magical suggestion. British Journal of Psychology, 100, 517-537.
Forgas J. P. (2002). Feeling and doing: Affective influences on interpersonal behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 1-28.
Gasper K. (2004). Do you see what I see? Affect and visual information processing. Cognition & Emotion, 18, 405-421.
Batson C. D., Thompson E. R. (2001). Why don’t moral people act morally? Motivational considerations. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 54-57.
Wicker A. W. (1969). Attitudes versus actions: The relationships of verbal and overt behavioral responses to attitude objects. Journal of Social Issues, 25, 41-78.
Petty R. E., Cacioppo J. T. (1986). Communication and persuasion: Central and peripheral routes to attitude change. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag.
Castiglioni A. (1946). Adventures of the mind. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
Coriat I. H. (1923). Suggestion as a form of medical magic. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 18, 258-268.
Malinowski B. (1935). Coral gardens and their magic. London, England: Allen & Unwin.
Tambiah S. J. (1990). Magic, science, religion, and the scope of rationality. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Subbotsky E. (2005). The permanence of mental objects: Testing magical thinking on perceived and imaginary realities. Developmental Psychology, 41, 301-318.
Subbotskii, E. V. (1983). Moral'noe razvitie doshkol'nika. Voprosy psikhologii, 4, 29-38.
Gudjonsson G. H. (1987). Historical background to suggestibility: How interrogative suggestibility differs from other types of suggestibility. Personality and Individual Differences, 8, 347-355.
Gudjonsson G. H. (1984). A new scale of interrogative suggestibility. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 303-314.
Haraldsson E. (1985). Interrogative suggestibility and its relationship with personality, perceptual defensiveness and extraordinary beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 6, 765-767.
Hergovich A. (2003). Field dependence, suggestibility and belief in paranormal phenomena. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 195-209.
Petsa E. (2012). A study of magical thinking and its relationship with suggestibility in Greek undergraduate students (MSc thesis). Lancaster University, UK.
Milgram S. (1992). The individual in a social world: Essays and experiments (2nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Cialdini R. B. (2007). Influence: The psychology of persuasion. New York, NY: HarperCollins.
Freud, S. (1935). A general introduction to psychoanalysis. New York: Liveright.
Jung, C. G. (1960). On psychic energy. In Jung, C. G. “On the nature of psyche” , NJ: Princeton University Press. (Original work published 1928.).
Benton, D., Parker, P. Y., & Donohoe, R. T. (1996). The supply of glucose to the brain and cognitive functioning. Journal of Biosocial Science, 28, 463–479.
Fairclough, S. H., & Houston, K. (2004). A metabolic measure of mental effort. Biological Psychology, 66, 177-190.
Gailliot, M.T., Baumeister, R.F., DeWall, C. N., Maner, J. K., Plant, E. A., Tice, D. M., Brewer, L. E., & Schmeichel, B. J. (2007). Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: Willpower is more than a metaphor. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 325-336.
Gailliot, M.T., Baumeister, R.F., & Schmeichel, B. J. (2006) Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-conrol on thoughts and fears of dying. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 49-62&
Sejourne, L. (1976). Burning water: Thought and religion in Ancient Mexico. Berkeley, CA: Shambala.

Redfield, R. (1968). The folk culture of Yucatan. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Selby, H. A. (1974). Zapotec deviance: The convergence of folk and modern sociology. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
Subbotsky, E. & Quinteros, G. (2002). Do cultural factors affect causal beliefs? Rational and magical thinking in Britain and Mexico. British Journal of Psychology, 93, 519-543.
Luhrman, T. M. (1989). Persuasions of the witch’s craft: Ritual magic and witchcraft in present-day England. Oxford: Blackwell.
Gorer, G. (1955). Exploring English character. London: Cresset Press.
Mchedlov M. Vera v Rossii v zerkale statistikihttp://www.gumer.info/bibliotek_Buks/Sociolog/Article/mchedl_vera.php
Subbotsky, E. & Trommsdorff, G. (1992). Object permanence in adults: A cross-cultural perspective. Psychologische Beitrage, 34, 62-79.
Pravoslavnaya inkvizitsiya v Rossii: vedovskie protsessy http://vk.com/topic-55746386_28497423
Ortega –i-Gasset, Kh. (2000). Izbrannye trudy. M: Izdatel'stvo “Ves' Mir”-704 s.
Subbotsky, E. (2010a). Magic and the mind. Mechanisms, functions and development of magical thinking and behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.
Subbotsky, E., Hysted, C., & Jones, N. (2009). Watching films with magical content facilitates creativity in children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 111, 261-277.
Subbotsky, E., & Slater, E. (2011). Children’s discrimination of fantastic vs realistic visual displays after watching a film with magical content. Psychological Reports, 112, 603-609.
Subbotsky, E., & Matthews, J. (2011). Magical thinking and memory: Distinctiveness effect in for TV advertisements with magical content. Psychological Reports, 109, 1-11.
Hróbjartsson A, Norup M (June 2003). "The use of placebo interventions in medical practice--a national questionnaire survey of Danish clinicians". Evaluation & the Health Professions 26 (2): 153–65. http://ehp.sagepub.com/content/26/2/153.long
Kaptchuk TJ, Friedlander E, Kelley JM, et al. (2010). "Placebos without Deception: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Irritable Bowel Syndrome". PLoS ONE http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3008733/
Bem, D. Feeling the future: Experimental evidence for anomalous retroactive influences on cognition and affect. J Pers Soc Psychol 2011; 100: 207-25.
Subbotsky, E. (2013). Sensing the future: Reversed causality or a non-standard observer effect? The Open Psychology Journal, 6, 81-93.