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Polukarov A.V. International statutes aimed the struggle against corruption in the social sphere

Published in journal "Police activity", 2016-6 in rubric "The police and issues in the fight against corruption", pages 586-595.

Resume: The author considers such aspects of the topic as international legal standards of the struggle against corruption in the social sphere. Despite the serious character of the problem of corruption-related crimes in the social sphere especially in the developing states the existing international statutes consider the struggle against corruption in general, not paying any special attention to the corruption in the social sphere. Corruption in the social sphere is in the focus of specialized universal institutions, working in the social sphere (WHO, UNESCO); it is regulated by regional and supranational legislation. The author applies the set of general scientific and special methods of cognition of socio-legal reality. The research methodology includes the dialectical method with the typical requirements for objectivity, comprehensiveness, historicism and the solidity of truth. Among the most topical tendencies of international statutes development in the field of the struggle against corruption (including the corruption in the social sphere), the author names the involvement of non-governmental organizations and the strengthening of anti-corruption impact on commercial entities; the extension of the notion of corruption on illegal actions of officials of commercial entities along with the actions of public officials. The author notes that for the purpose of the struggle against corruption, international law counts upon the criminalization of corruption-related activities of legal entities. This fact is of a special importance for the social sphere.

Keywords: law and order, international statutes, definitions, corruption-related crimes, UN Conventions, social sphere, prevention, corruption, international legal standards, international law

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2016.6.17545

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