'The Dark Century in the History of Aleppo and Alalakh (15th first quarter of the 14th centuries B. C. E.)' History magazine: researches nbpublish.com
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Gromova D.N. The Dark Century in the History of Aleppo and Alalakh (15th first quarter of the 14th centuries B. C. E.)

Published in journal "History magazine: researches", 2016-6 in rubric "World history: Eras and seasons", pages 810-820.

Resume: The aim of this study is to reconstruct the relative chronology of the little-studied period in the history of two city-states in Northern Syria. This is the period between the conquest of Babylon and Aleppo by the Hittite king Mursili I (an event that marks the transition from the Old Babylonian to the Middle Babylonian period and from the Middle Bronze Age to the Late Bronze Age) and the time of the military campaigns of the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I in Syria (which is well-documented in written sources). The history of Aleppo and Alalakh is examined in the larger context of the military and political history of Western Asia during the named period. The research is based on a sequential comparison of the information from written sources (first of all, the historical preamble to the vassal agreement between the Hittite king Muwatalli II and the king of Aleppo Talmi-Sharru (CTH 75) and the inscription on the statue of the king Idri-mi of Alalakh) and archaeological sources (data resulting from the archaeological studies of Alalakh Tell Atchana on the territory of modern Turkey). The article includes the historiography of the topic and its critical assessment, providing a new translation and interpretation ofcertainfragments of the written sources under discussion. The author makes conclusions about the general tendencies in the history of Aleppo and Alalakh and strategies of the great powers of the period (Mitanni and Hatti) towards their new vassals.

Keywords: Alalakh, Northern Syria, Halap, Hittite kingdom, Mitanni, written sources, archaeological sources, vassal treaties, relative chronology, Late Bronze Age

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1972.2016.6.19233

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