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Vorobyev M.V The problem of social violence in philosophy of the Russian Neo-Kantians

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-8 in rubric "The history of humanitarian science", pages 1099-1106.

Resume: This article examines the practical philosophy of the Russian Neo-Kantian scientists P. I. Novgorodtsev, B. P. Vysheslavtsev, B. A. Kistyakovsky, and A. L. Saketti, for the purpose of determination of their attitude towards the problem of violence. The author attempts to designate the content of the problem of violence, clarify the specificity of the Neo-Kantian relation to it through the analysis of the texts of Russian Neo-Kantians. As an additional task, the author also explores the question on correlation between the Neo-Kantian problematics of violence and the corresponding views of I. Kant. During the course of this research it has been determined that the Russian NeoKantian scholars in their works touch upon three types of violence: legal compulsion, in which Neo-Kantians discuss the question of guarantees of legitimacy of compulsion and its conditions; extralegal, towards which Neo-Kantians hold a critical position; and foreign policy violence (war) – in this regard, the orientation towards overcoming is being formulated. The Russian Neo-Kantians believe that the main path in elimination of negative consequences of the social antagonisms that are present in human society lies in realization of the legal ideal, embodied in a legal state, which can be compared to Kant’s position

Keywords: Russian Neo-Kantianism, problem of violence, practical philosophy, legal compulsion, revolution, war, Kantians.

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.8.20166

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