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Karpov A.O. Development of the Theory of Education for the Knowledge-Based Society and its Reality

Published in journal "Pedagogy and education", 2016-3 in rubric "Pedagogy", pages 260-273.

Resume: Knowledge-based society is one of the dominating paradigms of a modern socio-economic development which was formed at the second half of the XXth century. The process was reflected in culture, social structure, economic tools and education. The purpose of the present article is to define contents of the theoretical concept of education in a knowledge-based society in terms of origin of its social reality. The research methodology involves cultural-historical epistemology that is based on the analysis of socio-economic attitudes to knowledge and cognition including academic learning as well as comparative analysis of references and comparison of theoretical propositions to reality. It is well shown that development of the knowledge-based education concept started in the 1950s - 1960s and was conditioned by the appearance of new qualities of an industrial worker that are then inherited by an knowlege worker. It was the period when Peter Drucker proposed the idea of proactive trainign (1957) as well as the principle of continuous education of a knowledge worker (1968). The author of the present article describes how aforesaid ideas relate to the concept of distributed education offered by Drucker which was supposed to be implemented after continuous education becomes a norm. The author also states that the key institutions for the development of the knowledge-based society include universities and schools built on the principals of research education and academic continuity. The author gives a definition of dynamic competence and describes the relationship between the idea of creative education adn the theory of knowledge-based society. The author also provides an analysis of fundamental contradictions that accompany education development in a knowlege-based society.

Keywords: university, knowledge worker, innovations, science, creativity, dynamic competence, continuous education, proactive education, knowledge-based society, education

DOI: 10.7256/2306-434X.2016.3.18643

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