'Technical means of traffic organization as the elements of the road safety provision mechanism' Police activity nbpublish.com
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Ziganshin M.M., Khandogina A.V. Technical means of traffic organization as the elements of the road safety provision mechanism

Published in journal "Police activity", 2016-4 in rubric "Preventative work of the police", pages 398-406.

Resume: The research subject is the range of questions of traffic organization as the elements of the road safety provision mechanism. The research object is the set of social relations in the sphere of traffic organization. The authors consider the problem of inconformity of Russian transport system with the needs of socio-economic development of the country. The governments attention should be focused on the system approach to road safety provision which includes the application of complex measures aimed at road accidents prevention and their consequences lightening. Special attention is paid at technical equipment of roads as the objects of transport infrastructure. The majority of road accidents caused by the operating condition of roads include the absence or poor visibility of horizontal road markings, the absence of traffic signs in places where they are needed; improper use or poor visibility of traffic signs. Technical equipment of roads to a large extent promotes traffic stabilization, safety, economic efficiency and comfort of traffic, decreases the damaging impact of traffic on the environment. The research methodology includes the system of general and special scientific methods, based on the dialectical theory. The authors apply the system and formal logical methods (deduction and induction, analysis and synthesis, comparison and others), the structural-functional and other methods. The authors suggest the ways of traffic organization improvement, particularly the establishment of a uniform legal framework of road traffic organization in Russia; the creation of the conditions and mechanisms of traffic organization aimed at safety and sustainability provision; the decrease of economic losses in road traffic; the formation of a uniform approach to traffic organization on the territories of municipalities and districts; the creation of a legal framework for the coordination of the activities of federal executive authorities, regional authorities, local authorities and roads owners in the sphere of traffic organization. The authors analyze the condition of road traffic safety in the Russian Federation; demonstrate the role of the state in the transport system functioning and development; reveal the problems and inconformity of the transport system of Russia with the needs of socio-economic development of the country; offer the ways of road traffic organization improvement. The authors conclude that the improvement and development of road traffic organization promote the stabilization of traffic, road safety provision, economic efficiency and comfort of traffic.

Keywords: national standard, road markings, road signs, road accident, road traffic organization, technical equipment, road users, roads, traffic safety, transport system

DOI: 10.7256/2222-1964.2016.4.17236

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