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Zanko T.A. On the question of correlation between the concepts of “civil servant”, “person holding public office”, “official”, and “officer”

Published in journal "Law and Politics", 2016-7 in rubric "Authority and management", pages 870-873.

Resume: This article presents the analysis and comparison of the concepts of “civil servant”, “person holding public office”, “official”, and “officer” based on the research of normative legal acts on the questions of organization and service in the public offices of the Russian Federation, criminal and administrative legislation, legal precedent, and historical documents. This work is aimed at sequential determination of the specifics of the aforementioned concepts, formation of their proper legal understanding based on practical situations and examples of organization of the system of public service. The proper legally determined usage of the concepts of “civil servant”, “person holding public office”, “official”, and “officer” will allow avoiding mistakes and confusion in public speeches, as well as in the political legal texts, especially in the analysis or commentary on the past legislation pertaining to organization and service in the public office.

Keywords: public position, legal regulation, register of posts, public administration, class rank, system of public service, civil servant, civil service, legal status, official

DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2016.7.19676

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