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Maslovskaya O.V., Bogdanova N.E. Bridge as an element of the city image and the spatial picture of the world

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-6 in rubric "Tradition and innovation", pages 815-823.

Resume: The object of this research is a spatial archetype of bridge. The subject of this research is the processes of human identification and spatial orientation, which characterize the role of bridges in creating a city image, as well as the correlation between a man and a place in the spatial concept of being. The authors analyze bridges as one of the most remarkable architectural elements that serve as subjects of psychological identification. Another aspect of the revealed topic is the role of bridges in spatial orientation that is functionally necessary and able to deliver a feeling of satisfaction, and rather completeness of the daily experience with existential meanings. The general philosophical methodology of this work is based on M. Heidegger’s principles of existentialism; the architectural methodology is based on the elements of C. Norberg-Schulz’ concept of the “spirit of place” (Genius Loci), K. Lynch’ theory of the urban spatial organization, J. Pallasmaa’s  “architecture of images”, and C. Jencks’ philosophy of modern architecture. One of the results of this research is an extensive substantiation on the exceptional role of bridges in man’s cultivation of the nature and urbanized landscape, as well as in revelation of the quality of place, its compilation and structuring. The authors conclude that bridges always play leading roles in spatial orientation that represents a function of the clarity of city image, the elements of which, according to K. Lynch’s theory, are the ways, limits, centers, landmarks, and districts. The scientific novelty consists in the attempt of combining the philosophical, theoretical-architectural, and linguistic discourses in examination of a spatial archetype of bridges, as well as in their systemic and detailed description from the perspective of the selected methodology.  

Keywords: identification, M. Heidegger, orientation, dwelling space, genius loci, being in the world, Chr. Norberg-Schulz, K. Lynch, city image, bridge

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.6.15339

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