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Abdulin R.S. The role of the Communist party in judicial administration (1930-1970)

Published in journal "Law and Politics", 2016-6 in rubric "History of state and law", pages 791-798.

Resume: The subject of the research is the role of the Soviet Communist Party in judicial administration and the governing of the courts. The author of the article shows that the party's directives have an impact on courts and judicial power. The leaders of the Soviet Communist Party interfered in all spheres of activity of the judicial power, including procedural aspects, often giving judges guidelines for solving individual cases, and in some cases, even determined the time and location for the trials. The author concludes that in the Soviet Union firmly established the official influence of party on all aspects of the powers functioning, and that the Party's decisions were perceived by the judiciary and judges as binding. This allows the author of the article to perceive this historical period of the USSR as a Communist Party's total dominance and its supreme power in the country. The whole government power of the country, including the judiciary, at this time was consolidated in the hands of the leadership of the Communist Party. The scientific novelty of this work lies in the very posing of the question and the fact the goals and tasks defined in this work have not previously been addressed in Russian legal science.

Keywords: crime, lawmaking, Constitution, independence, repression, court, administration, Communist party, legality, authoritarian regime

DOI: 10.7256/1811-9018.2016.6.14126

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