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Korotkov V.O. Purpose of a Christian in the concepts of Protestant ideologists

Published in journal "Philosophy and Culture", 2016-5 in rubric "Philosophy of religion", pages 715-720.

Resume: This article is dedicated to the issue of purpose and predestination of a person in the works of the founders of the Protestant movement in Christianity – Martin Luther and John Calvin, as well as their followers. Their ideas laid the foundation for a new outlook not only on Christian religion, but also on a man as the central object of religious views. Based on the idea of philosophical anthropology, the author attempts to more objectively examine the origins of Protestant outlook on predestination of a man and individual, and in accordance with this idea, present the concept of salvation of the soul. Characterizing the components of the issue of human predestination, the author attempts to reveal the spiritual and material aspects of becoming of a true Christian (homo Christianus) within the perception of the Protestant Church. The novelty of this research consists in a comprehensive examination of this issue. On the basis of analysis of the works of Protestant ideologists – Martin Luther, John Calvin, Jacob Boehme, and Philipp Melanchthon, the author explores the doctrine of predestination, the issue of self-cognition and human cognition of God, essence of a man as an instrument in the hand of God.

Keywords: homo christianus, salvation, destination, predestination, John Calvin, Martin Luther, Protestantism, knowledge, Reformation, religion

DOI: 10.7256/1999-2793.2016.5.15097

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